Showing 1145 results

Authority record

Acland, Sir Henry Wentworth Dyke, 1815-1900, Baronet, physician

  • KCL-AF0739
  • Person
  • 1815-1900

Henry Wentworth Dyke Acland was born 23 August 1815; 4th son of Sir Thomas Dyke Acland, 10th Bt of Killerton, Exeter; Educated at Harrow School; Christ Church, Oxford (Hon. Student). Fellow of All Souls, 1840. He was Regius Professor of Medicine, Oxford, 1857-1894; Member of Medical Council, 1854-1874, and President, 1874-1887; Member of Sanitary Commission, 1870-1872, and also served as Radcliffe Librarian, Oxford, from 1851; Hon. Physician to Prince of Wales. Awarded 1st Bt, 1890; KCB 1884 (CB 1883); MD, DCL, LLD; FRS 1847. In 1846 he married, Sarah Cotton (died 1878). Died 16 October 1900. Publications Memoir on the Cholera at Oxford in the year 1854, with considerations suggested by the epidemic , John Churchill and J. H. & J. Parker: London, 1856.

Acland, Sir John Hugh Bevil, 1928-2006, Knight, Major General

  • KCL-AF0002
  • Person
  • 1928-2006

Born 1928; educated Eton; enlisted Scots Guards, 1946; 2 Lieutenant, 1948; Lieutenant, 1950; Captain, 1954; Equerry to HRH the Duke of Gloucester, 1957-59; Staff College, 1959; Major, 1961; Brigade Major, 4 Guards Armoured Brigade, 1964-1966; Lieutenant Colonel, 1967; Commanding Officer 2 Battalion Scots Guards, 1968-71; Chief of General Staff, Armament Supply Department, Ministry of Defence, 1972-1974; Brigadier, 1975; Brigadier General Staff, Ministry of Defence, 1975; Commander Land Forces and Deputy Commander British Forces, Cyprus, 1976-1978; General Officer Commanding South West District, 1978-1981; Commander, Commonwealth Monitoring Force and Military Adviser to the Governor, Southern Rhodesia [Zimbabwe], 1979-1980; retired 1981; died 2006.

Acland, Theodore Dyke, 1851-1931, physician

  • KCL-AF0740
  • Person
  • 1851-1931

Theodore Dyke Acland was born on 14 November 1851, the son of Sir Henry Acland, 1st Bart. of Oxford. He was educated at Winchester; Christ Church, Oxford (MA, MD); Leipzig University; Berlin University and St Thomas's Hospital. In 1883, he was sent by Foreign Office to deal with a cholera outbreak in Egypt. He was then selected for service with the Egyptian Army, of which he became Principal Medical Officer, and was awarded the Order of the Medjidie for his services. He was Consulting Physician and Governor of St Thomas's Hospital, and of Brompton Hospital for Diseases of Chest and to the Commercial Union Assurance Company, as well as numerous other boards, councils and advisory positions. In 1888 he married Caroline Cameron (died 1929), daughter of Sir William W. Gull. Publications Many contributions to the study of current medical questions and school hygiene, including tuberculosis, and the future of the tuberculous soldier. Publications Memoir on the Cholera at Oxford in the year 1854, with considerations suggested by the epidemic , John Churchill and J. H. & J. Parker: London, 1856.

Adam, Sir Ronald Forbes, 1885-1982, 2nd Baronet, General

  • KCL-AF0003
  • Person
  • 1885-1982

Born in 1885; educated at Eton College and Royal Military Academy, Woolwich; served in France, Flanders and Italy, World War One, 1914-1918; General Staff Officer Grade 1, Staff College, Camberley, 1932-1935; General Staff Officer Grade 1, War Office, 1935-1936; Deputy Director of Military Operations, War Office, 1936; Commander, Royal Artillery, 1 Div, 1936-1937; Commandant of Staff College, Camberley, 1937; Deputy Chief of Imperial General Staff, 1938-1939; Commanding 3 Army Corps, 1939- 1940; General Officer Commander-in-Chief, Northern Command, 1940-1941; Col Commandant of Royal Artillery and Army Educational Corps, 1940-1950; Adjutant General to the Forces, 1941-1946; Gen, 1942; Col Commandant, Royal Army Dental Corps, 1945-1951; retired, 1946; President of Marylebone Cricket Club, 1946- 1947, Library Association, 1949, National Institute of Adult Education, 1949-1964; National Institute of Industrial Psychology, 1947-1952; member of Council, Institute of Education, London University, 1948-1967; member of Miners Welfare Commission, 1946-1952; Chairman and Director General, British Council, 1946-1954; Executive Board, United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation, 1950-1954 and Chairman, 1952-1954; Principal of Working Men's College, 1956-1961; died in 1982.

Addison, Mary Winifred, fl 1928-1940, nurse

  • KCL-AF0741
  • Person
  • 1928-1940

Mary Winifred Addison trained at King's College Hospital, London, 1928-1931, (gaining General Nursing Council registration 1932) and subsequently served as a Sister there. On the outbreak of war, she became Sister Tutor to the Nurses Training Centre in Oxford, and during this time taught first aid to Princess Marina, Duchess of Kent (1906-1968).

Adler, Hans Gunther, 1910-1988, poet and novelist

  • KCL-AF1003
  • Person
  • 1910-1988

Born, Prague, Czechoslovakia, 1910; studied musicology, literature and philosophy, Charles University, Prague; awarded PhD, 1935; sent to forced labour camp, Bohemia, 1941; deported to Theresienstadt concentration camp, Czechoslovakia, 1941; transferred to Auschwitz concentration camp, Poland, 1944; returned to Prague, 1945; involved in the creation of the Jewish Museum, Prague, 1945-1947; emigrated to London, 1947. Wrote (in German) poetry, novels, plays and essays, notably relating to the history of the Holocaust, also on sociology, religion and philosophy. Published a history of Theresienstadt concentration camp, Theresienstadt, 1941-1945: das Antlitz einer Zwangsgemeinschaft, 1955; died, 1988.

Adler, Jeremy David, b 1947, poet and Professor of German

  • KCL-AF1004
  • Person
  • 1947-

Born, 1947; PhD, Westfield College, University of London, 1977; lecturer in German, Westfield College, University of London, 1970-1989; Reader, Queen Mary and Westfield College, 1989-1991; Professor of German, Queen Mary and Westfield College, 1991-1994; Professor of German, King's College London 1994-2003; Emeritus Professor of German, 2003. Publications: Eine fast magische Anziehungskraft (1987) Text als Figur with Ulrich Ernst (1987) Also published several books of poetry and edited several publicatons on German poets and the work of his father, H G Adler.

Aitken, William Francis, fl 1900-1936, author and editor

  • KCL-AF1005
  • Person
  • 1900-1936

Editor of The Children's Friend .

Publications: Baden Powell, the hero of Mafeking (S W Partridge & Co, London, 1900); Frederick Temple, Archbishop of Canterbury (S W Partridge & Co, London, 1901); Lord Kitchener of Khartoum and of Aspall (H J Drane, London, 1901); The Marquess of Salisbury, K.G.; his inherited characteristics, political principles, and personality (S W Partridge & Co, London, 1901); Victoria, the well-beloved (S W Partridge & Co, London, 1901); Canon Barnett, Warden of Toynbee Hall: his mission and its relation to social movement (S. W. Partridge & Co, London, 1902); The Boy's Life of Greatheart Lincoln, the Martyr President (S. W. Partridge & Co, London, [1910]); Follow my Leader! (S W Partridge & Co, London, [1910]); The Chief Scout, Sir Robert Baden-Powell (S W Partridge & Co, London, [1912]); Come out to Play (S W Partridge & Co, London, [1913]); Happy all Day! (Pictures & stories for the little ones) (S W Partridge & Co, London, [1911]); Happy Days (S W Partridge & Co, London, [1913]); King of the Castle! (S W Partridge & Co, London, [1913]); Queen of the Daisies! (S W Partridge & Co, London, [1913]).

Alderson, Basil Roxby, 1909-1980, Surgeon Captain

  • KCL-AF0005
  • Person
  • 1909-1980

Born 1909; commissioned into the Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve (RNVR) as Surgeon Sub Lt, 1931; served with Tyne Division, Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve (RNVR), HMS CALLIOPE, Newcastle upon Tyne, Northumberland, 1931-1935; commissioned into the Royal Navy as Surgeon Lt, 1935; HMS GLORIOUS, Mediterranean Fleet, 1935-1937; HMS SHARPSHOOTER and HMS HEBE, 1 Minesweeping Flotilla, Devonport, 1937-1938; Assistant Medical Officer, HMS DOLPHIN, Fort Blockhouse, Gosport, Hampshire, 1938-1939; medically examined two of the four survivors from HM Submarine THETIS, lost with ninety nine crew members, Liverpool Bay, Jun 1939; served in World War Two, 1939-1945; Medical Officer, HMS KELLY, 5 Destroyer Flotilla, Home Fleet, 1939-1940; Royal Naval Hospital, Haslar, Portsmouth, 1940-[1941]; Surgeon Lt Cdr, 1941; served in the Royal Naval Hospital, Malta, 1945-1947; acting Surgeon Cdr, 1947; Instructor, HMS ROYAL ARTHUR, Training Establishment, Corsham, Wiltshire, 1947-1949; Surgeon Cdr, 1949; Royal Naval Sick Quarters, HMS TERROR, Singapore, 1950-1952; HMS VICTORY, Royal Naval Barracks, Portsmouth, 1952-1955; HMS DAEDALUS, Royal Naval Barracks, Royal Naval Air Station, Lee on Solent, Hampshire, 1955-1958; Surgeon Capt, 1958; Royal Naval Hospital, Haslar, Portsmouth, 1958-1961; HMS GANGES, Royal Naval Junior Training Establishment, Shotley Gate, Ipswich, Suffolk, 1961-1965; retired 1965, died 1980.Publications: The parish register of Bowes, 1670-1837. Bishop's transcripts, 1615-1700, transcribed by the Reverend William Oliver and edited by Alderson (Yorkshire Archaeological Society, Parish Register Section, Huddersfield, Yorkshire, 1964); The parish register of Rokeby, Yorkshire, Vols I-VII, 1598-1837, transcribed by the Reverend William Oliver and edited by Alderson (Yorkshire Archaeological Society, Parish Register Section, Huddersfield, Yorkshire, 1965).

Alexander, Henry Templer, 1911-1977, Major General

  • KCL-AF0006
  • Person
  • 1911-1977

Born 1911; educated at Sedbergh School, Yorkshire and the Royal Military College, Sandhurst; commissioned into the Cameronians (Scottish Rifles), 1931; service with 1 Bn, Cameronians (Scottish Rifles), 1931-1938; Lt, 1934; Capt, 1939; Instructor, Royal Military College, Sandhurst, 1939-1940; served in World War Two, 1939-1945; service in North Africa, Italy, India, Burma and North West Europe, 1939-1945; temporary Maj, 1940-1941; Bde Maj, 1941-1942; General Staff Officer 2, Combined Operations Headquarters, 1942; General Staff Officer 2 (Staff Duties), Allied Forces Headquarters, 1942-1943; War Substantive Maj, 1943; awarded MBE, 1943; temporary Lt Col, 1943-1944; Commanding Officer, 2 Bn, Cameronians (Scottish Rifles), Italy, 1944; War Substantive Lt Col, 1944; Col, Operations Staff of Maj Gen Orde Charles Wingate for second Chindit expedition, Operation THURSDAY, Burma, 1944; acting Brig, 1944; awarded OBE, 1945; General Staff Officer 1, 1945-1946; Maj, 1946; Chief Instructor, School of Combined Operations, 1946-1947; General Staff Officer 1 (Operations), Hong Kong, 1948-1950; General Staff Officer 1 (Directing Staff), Staff College, Camberley, Surrey, 1950-1952; Brevet Lt Col, 1951; Lt Col, 1953; Col, 1954; Commanding Officer, 1 Bn, Cameronians (Scottish Rifles), 1954-1955; commanded 26 Gurkha Infantry Bde, 1955-1957; temporary Brig, 1955-1958; awarded DSO, 1957; Senior Instructor, Staff College, Camberley, Surrey, 1958; Brig, 1959; Brig General Staff, Department of the Chief of the Imperial General Staff, War Office, 1959; Imperial Defence College, 1959; awarded CBE, 1960; Chief of Defence Staff, Ghana, 1960-1961; commanded Ghanian contingent, UN Forces, Belgian Congo, 1960-1961; awarded CB, 1961; Chief of Staff, Northern Command Headquarters, York, 1962-1965; retired, 1965; British Observer, International Observer Team on Genocide, Nigeria, 1968; Col, The Cameronians (Scottish Rifles), 1969-1974; died 1977. Publications: African tightrope. My two years as Nkrumah's Chief of Staff (Pall Mall Press, London, 1965).

Alford, Jonathan R, 1933-1986, Colonel

  • KCL-AF0007
  • Person
  • 1933-1986

Born in 1933; educated at Rugby School and Royal Military College, Sandhurst; commissioned into Royal Engineers, 1953; Lt, 1955; assisted in preparation of nuclear tests on Christmas Island [1957-1958]; Capt, 1959; Maj, 1964; Military Assistant to the Chief of General Staff, 1965-1966; Lt Col, 1970; Col, 1974; served on General Staff of UK Land Forces 1974-1976; Deputy Director of the International Institute for Strategic Studies 1977-1986; died in 1986.

Algar, Henry, d 1901, Reverend, Anglican clergyman

  • KCL-AF1006
  • Person
  • -1901

Curate of Butterton, Staffordshire, 1883-1886; Curate of Yatesbury, Wiltshire, 1886-1887; died 1901.

Publications: Notes on the Sermon on the Mount (Kent & Co, London, 1884); A Harmony of the Accounts of the Resurrection (Thomas Peake, Newcastle-under-Lyme, 1884); Notes on the First Epistle of St. John (Blackfriars Printing & Publishing Co, London, 1887).

Alison, Sir Archibald, 1826-1907, 2nd Baronet, General

  • KCL-AF0008
  • Person
  • 1826-1907

Born, Edinburgh, 1826; educated at Glasgow University; commissioned into 72 Foot, 1846; Lieutenant, 72 Foot Headquarters, Barbados, 1849; Nova Scotia, Canada, 1851; Captain, 1853; Crimea, Russia, May 1855; service with Highland brigade, Sevastopol (Sebastopol), Russia, Jun 1855; Major, 1856; Military Secretary to Lt Gen Sir Colin Campbell (later General Sir Colin Campbell, 1st Baron Clyde), Commander in Chief, Indian Mutiny expedition, 1857; wounded, losing his left arm at second relief of Lucknow Garrison, India, 1857; Lieutenant Colonel, 1861; Assistant Adjutant General in office of Inspector General of Infantry, 1862-1864; Assistant Adjutant General, South Western District, 1864-1867; Colonel, 1867; succeeded father as Baronet, 1867; Assistant Adjutant General, Aldershot, 1870; Commander, British troops, second Anglo-Asante War, Ghana, 1873-1874; battle of Amoaful (Amoafo), capture of Bequah (Bekwai) and capture of Kumasi, Ghana, 1873-1874; Deputy Adjutant General, Ireland, 1874; Major General, 1877; Commandant, Staff College Camberley and Deputy Quartermaster General, Intelligence, 1882; Commander, British troops, Suez Canal, Egypt, 1882; Lieutenant General, 1882; Commander, British Force in Egypt, 1882-1883; Commander, Aldershot Division, 1883-1888; General, 1889; retired, 1893; died, London, 1907.

Allenby, Edmund Henry Hynman, 1861-1936, 1st Viscount Allenby of Megiddo and of Felixstowe, Field Marshal

  • KCL-AF0009
  • Person
  • 1861-1936

Born in 1861; educated at Haileybury College and Royal Military College, Sandhurst; commissioned into 6 Inniskilling Dragoons, 1882; served in Bechuanaland Expedition, 1884-1885, and in Zululand, 1888; Adjutant, Inniskilling Dragoons, 1889-1893; served in UK, 1890-1896; Staff College, Camberley, 1896-1897; Maj, 1897; Bde Maj, 3 Cavalry Bde, Ireland, 1898; served in South Africa, 1899-1902; commanded 5 Royal Irish Lancers, 1902-1905, and 4 Cavalry Brigade, Eastern Command, 1905-1910; Inspector of Cavalry, 1910-1914; served on Western Front, 1914-1917; Commander, Cavalry Div (later Cavalry Corps), BEF, 1914; Commander, 5 Army Corps, 1915; Commander, 3 Army, 1915-1917; Commander-in-Chief, Egyptian Expeditionary Force, Palestine and Egypt, 1917-1919; FM, 1919; High Commissioner for Egypt and the Sudan, 1919-1925; died in 1936. Placed

Allfrey, Sir Charles Walter, 1895-1964, Lieutenant General

  • KCL-AF0010
  • Person
  • 1895-1964

Born in 1895; educated at Royal Naval College, Dartmouth; joined Royal Artillery, Aug 1914; served in World War One, 1914-1918; Capt, 1917; Brevet Maj, 1931; served in Northern Kurdistan, 1932; Maj, 1933; Brevet Lt Col, 1935; Col, 1939; commander of 43 Div, North Africa, 1941-1942; acting Lt Gen, 1942; commanded 5 Corps, North Africa and Italy, 1942-1944; Maj Gen and temporary Lt Gen, 1943; General Officer Commanding British Troops in Egypt, 1944-1948; Lt Gen, 1946; Col Commandant, Royal Artillery, 1947-1957; retired in 1948; Col Commandant, Royal Horse Artillery, 1948-1957; died in 1964.

Allwood, D Peter, 1918-1998, Squadron Leader

  • KCL-AF0011
  • Person
  • 1918-1998

Born 1918; joined RAF as Apprentice Clerk, Ruislip, Middlesex, 1935; served in World War Two, 1939-1945; trained as Pilot, Florida, USA, 1941; commissioned as Pilot Officer, 1942; Flying Instructor, Florida, USA, 1942; service with Bomber Command and piloted Avro Lancasters on bombing raids over Germany, 1943-1944; awarded DFC [1943]; service in RAF Tebrau, Malaya, 1945; Flight Lt, 1946; served in Australia and Singapore; retired as Sqn Ldr, 1952; died 1998.

Almeida, João de, 1726-1802, 2nd Marquess of Alorna

  • KCL-AF1007
  • Person
  • 1726-1802

Born 7 Nov 1726; studied in Paris; named as Ambassador to the court of Louis XV, King of France, when implicated in the plot of 3 Sep 1758 to murder Joseph I, King of Portugal; imprisoned on the orders of Sebastião de Carvalho, Marquês de Pombal, in the Castle of Belém, and then the Fortress of Junqueira for eighteen years; released Mar 1777; subsequently declared innocent of attempted regicide, and rehabilitated; Commander of Moreira in the Order of Christ; Captain of Cavalry; Member of the Real Academia de História Portuguesa; died 9 Jun 1802.

Amery, Harold Julian, 1919-1996, Baron Amery of Lustleigh

  • KCL-AF0012
  • Person
  • 1919-1996

Born in 1919; educated at Eton College and Balliol College, Oxford; war correspondent in Spanish Civil War, 1938-1939; Attaché, HM Legation, Belgrade, and on special missions in Bulgaria, Turkey, Romania and Middle East, 1939-1940; Sgt, RAF, 1940-1941; commissioned and transferred to Army, 1941; served in Egypt, Palestine and the Adriatic, 1941-1942; liaison officer to Albanian resistance movement, 1944; served on staff of Lt Gen Sir Adrian Carton de Wiart, special military representative with Gen Chiang Kai-shek, 1945; contested Preston in Conservative interest, Jul 1945; Conservative MP for Preston North, 1950-1966, and Brighton Pavilion, 1969-1992; delegate to Consultative Assembly of Council of Europe, 1950-1953 and 1956; member of Round Table Conference on Malta, 1955; Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State and Financial Secretary, War Office, 1957-1958; Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, Colonial Office, 1958-1960; Secretary of State for Air, 1960-1962; Minister of Aviation, 1962-1964; Minister of Public Building and Works, 1970; Minister for Housing and Construction, Department of the Environment, 1970-1972; Minister of State, Foreign and Commonwealth Office, 1972-1974; died 1997. Publications: Sons of the eagle (Macmillan and Co, London, 1948); vols 4, 5 and 6 of James Louis Garvin's The life of Joseph Chamberlain (Macmillan and Co, London, 1932-1969); Approach march: a venture in autobiography (Hutchinson, London, 1973).

Amlot, Douglas Lloyd, 1910-1979, Air Commodore

  • KCL-AF0013
  • Person
  • 1910-1979

Born [1910]; acquired Civil Pilot's Licence, 1933; commissioned into the RAF, 1935; converted to RAF Service Flying at 4 Flying Training School, Abu Sueir, Egypt, [1935]; posted to 6 Sqn RAF at Ismailia, Egypt, and was engaged in operations in Palestine, where he was awarded the DFC for gallantry in the air, 1936-1938; appointed RAF Flying Instructor at RAF College Cranwell and then Chief Flying Instructor at 21 RAF Flying School at Kumalo, Rhodesia, [1939-1941]; commanded 27 RAF Elementary Flying School at Induna, Rhodesia, [1941]; commanded RAF Station, Cardington, taught at RAF Staff College, Hampshire, and was posted to Organisation Planning at the Air Ministry, [1942-1946]; commanded 1 Group, Royal Pakistan Air Force, and was responsible for supply dropping operations in Kashmir, [1947-1948]; assumed position of Chief of Staff, Royal Pakistan Air Force, during the absence of Commander in Chief AVM Richard Llewellyn Roger Atcherley in Australia, 1949; Director of Air Training, Air Ministry, [1951]; awarded CBE, 1951; died Mar 1979.

Anderson, Charles Alexander, 1857-1940, Lieutenant General

  • Person
  • 1857-1940

Born, 1857; joined Army, 1876; promoted to Captain, 1884; Major, 1893; Lieutenant Colonel, 1901; served with the Jowaki-Afridi Expedition, North West Frontier, India, 1877-1878; Afghan War, 1878-1880; Burma Expedition, 1885-1886; North West Frontier, India, 1897-1898; commanded 1 Brigade, Bazar Valley expedition, North West Frontier, India, 1908; commanded 1 Brigade Mohmand Field Force, India, 1908; General Officer Commanding South China, 1910-1913; World War One, 1914-1917; commanded Southern Army, India, 1917-1919; retired 1920; died 1940.

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