Showing 3581 results

Authority record

Baynham, Derrick Hubert, 1924-2006, Brigadier

  • KCL-AF0041
  • Person
  • 1924-2006

Born 1924; educated St George's College, Weybridge; took part in the Dunkirk evacuations, 1940; joined SOE, 1942; in ranks till 1943; 2nd Lieutenant, 1943; commissioned into Royal Signals, 1945; Lieutenant, 1946; ADC to the Viceroy of India and the Governor of Burma; Captain, 1951; Major, 1958; operations officer to the Director of Operations in Cyprus, 1958-1960; Joint Services Staff College, Latimer, 1963; Lieutenant Colonel, 1966; commanded Signal Wing, School of Infantry, Hythe, 1966; Colonel, 1970; Brigadier, 1973; commander, 11 Signal Group (V), Liverpool, 1974; Chief Signal Officer, UK Land Forces, Wilton; retired 1979; died 2006.

Russell, Don (fl 1927-1970)

  • KCL-AF00417
  • Person
  • fl 1927-1970

Worked as a journalist for The Chicago Evening Post, 1927; editor of The Chicago Daily News [1928-1948]; worked for The Chicago Tribune, 1948; Second Assistant editor, The American Peoples Encyclopedia, 1953.Publications: The lives and legends of Buffalo Bill (University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, Oklahoma, USA, 1960).

Bearne, Guy, 1908-2005, Air Vice Marshal

  • KCL-AF0042
  • Person
  • 1908-2005

Born in 1908; commissioned into RAF, 1929; served in various bomber squadrons, 1930-1933; attended specialist armament course, 1933; armament duties, 1934-1944; served in Iraq, 1937-1939; Bomber Command, RAF, 1939-1940 and 1944-1945; Air Ministry, 1940-1942; Flying Training Command, RAF, 1942-1944; Staff Officer in charge of administration, RAF Malaya, 1946; Joint Services Staff College, 1947; Deputy Director of Organisation (Projects), Air Ministry, 1947-1949; Commander, Central Gunnery School, 1949-1951; Senior Air Staff Officer, Rhodesian Air Training Group, 1951-1952; Air Officer Commanding, Rhodesian Air Training Group, 1953; Director of Organisation (Establishments), Air Ministry, 1954-1956; Air Officer in Charge of Administration, Technical Training Command, 1956-1961; retired, 1961; died 2005.

Brown, John Frederick, Beaufoy, 1910-1979, RN Captain

  • KCL-AF0043
  • Person
  • 1910-1979

Born 1910; educated at Marlborough House, Hove, East Sussex, and Royal Naval College, Dartmouth, Devon; commissioned into the Royal Navy, 1927; served as Midshipman on HMS REVENGE, Flagship, Atlantic Fleet, 1927-1928; HMS RODNEY, 1928-1929, including voyage to Gibraltar, Jan-Feb 1929; HMS WALKER, 1929; HMS RODNEY, 1929-1930, including voyage to Reykjavik, Iceland, Apr-Jul 1930; Royal Naval College, Greenwich, 1930-1931; Sub Lt, 1931; Submarine Course, 1931-1932; HM Submarine OXLEY, 1 Submarine Flotilla, Mediterranean Fleet, 1932-[1936]; Lt, 1933; Submarine Commanding Officer's Course, Portsmouth, 1939; served in World War Two, 1939-1945; Capt of HM Submarine UNITY, North Sea and Atlantic, 1939-1940; Capt of HM Submarine TAKU, North Sea and Atlantic, 1940-1941; Lt Cdr, 1941; awarded DSC, 1941; Staff Officer (Administration) to Adm Sir Max Kennedy Horton, Flag Officer (Submarines), 1941-1942; Commanding Officer, HMS VARBEL II, Midget Submarine Training Base, and Training Officer, Midget Submarines, 1943-1945, including operational training and preparation of X Craft for Operation SOURCE, the attack on the German battleship TIRPITZ, Altenfjord, Norway, Sep 1943, Operation GUIDANCE, the sinking by X Craft of German merchant ship BARENFELS, Apr 1944, and Operation HECKLE, the destruction of a floating dock, Laksvaag, Bergen, Norway, Sep 1944; Lt Cdr (Submarines), HMS VARBEL, 12 Submarine Flotilla, and HMS BONAVENTURE, 14 Submarine Flotilla, operational training and preparation of X Craft for operations in the Far East, 1943-1945; awarded OBE, 1945; acting Cdr, 1945-1947; British Naval Liaison Officer, to US 7 Fleet, Far East, 1945-1946; Staff Officer to Senior Officer, Force S, HMS TAMAR II, Far East, 1946; Deputy British Resident Naval Officer, Shanghai, China, 1946-1947; awarded US Legion of Merit, 1947; First Lt, HMS BELFAST, 1947-1948; First Lt, HMS DUKE OF YORK, Flagship of V Adm Sir Rhoderick Robert McGrigor, Commander-in-Chief, Home Fleet, 1948-1949; Cdr, 1948; Staff Officer to V Adm Sir Reginald Henry Portal, Flag Officer (Air), Home Fleet, HMS DAEDALUS, Royal Naval Air Station, Lee on Solent, Hampshire, 1949-1951; Executive Officer, HMS GAMBIA, Mediterranean and East Indies, 1951-1952, including service at Port Said, Egypt, during period of unrest, Suez Canal Zone, 1951; Naval War College, 1953; Executive Officer, RN Barracks, Portsmouth, 1953; Capt of HMS BOXER, 1954-1955; Capt of the Fleet, Far East Fleet, HMS TERROR, Singapore, 1955-1958; Member of the Council of King George's Fund for Sailors, 1958-1960; Deputy Director of Service Conditions, Service Conditions and Fleet Supply Duties Division, Director General of Personal Services and Officer Appointments Department, Admiralty, 1959-1960; UK Member for the Military Agency for Standardisation, NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organisation), 1960-1963; RN Aide de Camp to HM Queen Elizabeth II, 1962; retired, 1963; Campaign Director, Hooker Craigmyle and Company Limited, 1963; appointed Director, Attlee Memorial Foundation, 1968; died 1979.

Beaumont, Stephen Gerald, 1910-1997, Group Captain

  • KCL-AF0044
  • Person
  • 1910-1997

Born 1910; educated at Oundle and New College, Oxford; worked as a solicitor with his father's firm, Greaves, Atter and Beaumont, 1934-1939; joined Yorkshire Flying Club, 1935; Pilot Officer, Auxiliary Air Force, 1936; service with 609 (West Riding) (Bomber) Sqn, No 6 (Auxiliary) Group, Yeadon, Yorkshire, 1936-1938; Flying Officer, Auxiliary Air Force, 1937; conversion of 609 Sqn to fighter aircraft, Dec 1938; served in World War Two, 1939-1945; served at RAF Drem, Haddingtonshire, and RAF Kinloss, Elginshire, Scotland, 1939-1940; Flight Lt, 1940; RAF Northolt, Middlesex, and RAF Warmwell, Dorset, and RAF Middle Wallop, Hampshire, 1940; served over Dunkirk beaches, France, May-Jun 1940; provided RAF fighter escort for Prime Minister Rt Hon Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill, on visits to Briare and Tours, France, Jun 1940; acting Commanding Officer 609 Sqn, Battle of Britain, 1940; Instructor, No 7 Operational Training Unit, Hawarden, Flintshire, 1940-1941; Sqn Ldr, 1941; Chief Instructor, Operational Training Unit, Turnhouse, Edinburgh, 1941; Sqn Ldr (Organisation), Headquarters, No 9 Group, Fighter Command, Preston, Lancashire, 1941-1942; Wg Cdr, 1942; commanded RAF Andreas, Isle of Man, 1942-1943; commanded RAF Woodvale, Lancashire, 1943; commanded RAF Zeals, Wiltshire, 1943; Gp Capt and Deputy Air Officer, Administration, No 84 Group, 2 Tactical Air Force, 1943-1945; served in North West Europe, 1944-1945; awarded OBE, 1945; demobilised, 1945; Clerk to the Governors of Charities, Wakefield, Yorkshire; Clerk to the Commissioners of Tax; Secretary of the Wakefield Chamber of Commerce; Deputy Coroner for Wakefield and Chairman of the Wakefield Hospital Management Group; Deputy Lieutenant, West Riding of Yorkshire, 1967; High Sheriff, West Yorkshire, 1979; died 1997.

Nesbitt, Frederick George, Beaumont-, 1893-1971, Major General

  • KCL-AF0045
  • Person
  • 1893-1971

Born in 1893; educated at Eton College and Royal Military College, Sandhurst; joined Grenadier Guards, 1912; Lt, 1914; Capt, 1915; Adjutant, Divisional Base Depot, 1915; ADC to Commander, 11 Army Corps, France, 1915-1916; General Staff Officer Grade 3, 4 Army, France, 1917-1918; Bde Maj, 3rd Guards Bde, France, 1918; Adjutant, Dispersal Unit, 1919; Staff Capt, 2 Guards Bde, UK, 1919-1920; taught English at a French military school, 1920-1921; Adjutant, Grenadier Guards, 1921-1922; General Staff Officer Grade 3, War Office, 1922-1924 and Grade 2, 1926-1930; commanded 2 Bn, Grenadier Guards, 1932-1935; Military Attaché, Paris, 1936-1938; Deputy Director of Military Intelligence, War Office, 1938-1939, and Director of Military Intelligence, 1939-1940; Military Attaché, Washington DC, 1941; Maj Gen, General Staff, British Army Staff, Washington DC, 1941-1943; Maj Gen, General Staff, Middle East, North Africa and Italy, 1943-1945; ADC to King George VI, 1944-1945; Liaison Officer on staff of FM Hon Sir Harold Rupert Leofric George Alexander, 1945; retired pay, 1945; Gentleman Usher to the Queen, 1959-1967; died in 1971.

Beddington, Sir Edward Henry Lionel, 1884-1966, Knight, Brigadier

  • KCL-AF0046
  • Person
  • 1884-1966

Born in 1884; educated at Eton College and Royal Military College, Sandhurst; commissioned into 16 (Queen's) Lancers, 1902; Adjutant, 16 Lancers' Depot, Woolwich, 1910; attended Staff College, Camberley, 1912-1913; stationed in Ireland, 1914; served in France and Belgium, 1914-1918; General Staff Officer Grade 3, 2 Cavalry Div, Oct 1914-Jan 1915; Bde Maj, 4 Cavalry Bde, Jan-Jul 1915; General Staff Officer Grade 2, Indian Cavalry Corps, Jul- Nov 1915; General Staff Officer Grade 2, 2 Cavalry Div, Nov 1915-May 1916; General Staff Officer Grade 2 Reserve Army, May-Jul 1916; General Staff Officer Grade 2, 5 Army, Jul-Nov 1916; General Staff Officer Grade 1, 8 Div, Nov 1916-Nov 1917; General Staff Officer Grade 1 (Operations), 5 Army, Nov 1917-Apr 1918; General Staff Officer Grade 1 (Operations), 4 Army, Apr-Jun 1918; General Staff Officer Grade 1, 5 Army, Jun-Dec 1918; Maj Gen, General Staff, 5 Army, Dec 1918-Apr 1919; General Staff Officer Grade 1 (Intelligence), British Army on the Rhine, Apr-Jul 1919; Assistant Military Secretary, British Army of the Rhine, Jul-Sep 1919; served in Palestine with 16 Lancers, 1919-1920; retired from Army, 1920; appointed Director of Africa and Eastern Trading Company and Joint Managing Director, United Africa Company, 1930; retired from business and became involved in local politics, 1936; served in Home Guard and Military Intelligence, War Office, 1940-1945; Chairman, Hertfordshire County Council, 1952-1958; High Sheriff of Hertfordshire, 1948-1949; died in 1966.

Beevor, Anthony, b 1946, author and military historian

  • KCL-AF0047
  • Person
  • 1946-

Born 1946; educated at Winchester and Royal Military Academy, Sandhurst; commissioned into the 11 Hussars (Prince Albert's Own), 1963; served with the 11 Hussars (Prince Albert's Own), British Army of the Rhine, West Germany, 1963-1968; resigned commission, 1968; lived in Paris, France, and worked on first novel, The violent brink (John Murray, London, 1975); author and military historian, from 1973; made Chevalier de l'Orde des Artes et des Lettres by French Government. Publications: The violent brink (John Murray, London, 1975); For reasons of state (Cape, London, 1980); The Spanish Civil War (Orbis, London, 1982); The Faustian pact (Cape, London, 1983); The enchantment of Christina von Retzen (Weidenfeld and Nicolson, London, 1989); Inside the British Army (Chatto Windus, London, 1990); Crete: the battle and the resistance (John Murray, London, 1991); Paris after the liberation, 1944-1949 (Penguin, London, 1995) with Artemis Cooper; Stalingrad (Viking, London, 1998).

Bell, Frank, 1916-1989, linguist

  • KCL-AF0048
  • Person
  • 1916-1989

Born in 1916; educated at Haileybury College and Peterhouse, Cambridge; joined the army, 1940; POW in Japanese hands, 1942-1945; Assistant Secretary of the University of Cambridge Board of Extra-Mural Studies, 1946-1948; Chairman of the Educational Interchange Council, 1951-1979; founded first Bell School of Languages for the teaching of English to foreign students, 1955; died in 1989.

Benson, Sir Reginald Lindsay, 1889-1968, Knight, Lieutenant Colonel

  • KCL-AF0049
  • Person
  • 1889-1968

Born in 1889; educated at Eton College and Oxford University; joined 9 Lancers, 1909; ADC to Viceroy of India, 1913-1914; Adjutant, 9 Lancers, 1914-1915; 1 Canadian Div, France, 1916; 59 (North Midland) Div, Ireland, 1916; Cavalry Corps, France, 1916; General Staff Officer Grade 3, Central Home Defence and British Armies in France, 1916-1917; General Staff Officer Grade 2, 1917-1919; Liaison Officer, British Military Mission, Groupe des Armées du Nord, 1917-1918; Liaison Officer, British Military Mission, Grand Quartier Général, 1918; Military Secretary to Governor of Bombay, 1921-1922; served in France Army, 1939-1940; Military Attaché, Washington, USA, 1941-1944; died in 1968.

Benson, Edward Riou, 1903-1985, Major General

  • KCL-AF0050
  • Person
  • 1903-1985

Born in 1903; educated at Cheltenham College and Royal Military Academy, Woolwich; 2nd Lt, Royal Field Artillery, 1923; Lt, 1925; ADC to Government United Provinces, 1929-1931; Capt, 1936; Adjutant, 1936-1938; General Staff Officer Grade 3, 1939-1940; Maj, 1940; Brig, 1942; served in North West Europe, 1944-1946; Col, 1946; Deputy Director, Military Government (British Element), Berlin, 1948-1950; Maj Gen, 1951; Commander, 4 Anti-Aircraft Group, 1951-1953; Chief of Staff, General HQ, Middle East Land Forces, 1954-1957; retired, 1957; Col Commandant, Royal Artillery, 1960-1965; died in 1985.

Berger, Oliver Charles, 1913-1998, Colonel

  • KCL-AF0051
  • Person
  • 1913-1998

Born 1913; Lt, Royal Scots Greys, 1939; service in Middle East and Italy, World War Two; in charge of Directorate for re-education and repatriation of German POWs, under Foreign Office Political Intelligence Department, 1946; Capt, A Sqn, Royal Scots Greys, Germany, 1948; service with Army, Navy and Air Force Intelligence Centre, Nuneham Courtenay, Oxfordshire, 1950-1952; Military Attache, British Embassy, Rangoon, Burma, 1954-1957; retired from Army, 1960; service in Joint Intelligence Bureau, Ministry of Defence, 1964-1971; Director of Overseas Defence Relations, Ministry of Defence, 1971-1980; retired, 1980.

Berges, Jean Leon, fl 1925-1996, jewellery designer

  • KCL-AF0052
  • Person
  • 1925-1996

Born in Paris, France, 1925; educated at Lycée Henry IV and L'École Boulle, Paris; worked as a jewellery designer, Paris [1943]; called up for compulsory labour, Bergès sought to escape to Spain with the help of the Maquis, Jun 1944; severely wounded in the attempt by the Gestapo, near St Girons, France, 17 Jun 1944; treated for his wounds in local hospice, Jun-Jul 1944; left St Girons with Maquis from Toullouse, 13 Jul 1944; retired to Itxassou, near Biarritz, France [1996].

3BM Television

  • KCL-AF0053
  • Organisation

The documentary was produced by 3BM for Channel 4, Oregon Public Broadcasting, RTL and ITEL. 3BM is an independent television production company founded in October 1995 by Jeremy Bennett, Simon Berthon, Marion Milne and Malcolm Brinkworth. It has offices in London and Bath and specialises in production of documentaries in the historical, current affairs and popular science and human interest fields. The Berlin Airlift was produced by Jeremy Bennett and directed by Marion Milne. Other members of the production team included Professor Avi Shlaim, Historical Consultant; Tamzin Fry, Production Manager; Rosalind Bentley, Film Research; Helen Seaman, Research; and David Spiers, Editor.

Bernal, John Desmond, 1901-1971, physicist

  • KCL-AF0054
  • Person
  • 1901-1971

Born in 1907; educated at Stonyhurst College, Bedford School and Emmanuel College, Cambridge; research at Davy Faraday Laboratory, 1923-1927; lecturer and later Assistant Director of Research in Crystallography at Cambridge University, 1934-1937; Professor of Physics, 1937-1963; Professor of Crystallography, Birkbeck College, University of London, 1963-1968; Emeritus Professor, 1968-1971; died in 1971. Publications: The world, the flesh, and the devil (Kegan Paul and Co, London, 1929); The social function of science (G Routledge and Sons, London, 1939); The freedom of necessity (Routledge and Kegan Paul, London, 1949); The physical basis of life (Routledge and Kegan Paul, London, 1951); Marx and science (Lawrence and Wishart, London, 1952); Science and industry in the nineteenth century (Routledge and Kegan Paul, London, 1953); Science in history (Watts and Co, London, 1954); World Without War (Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1958); A prospect of peace (Lawrence and Wishart, London, 1960); The extension of man: a history of physics before 1900 (Weidenfeld and Nicolson, London, 1972).

Bethell, Sir Alexander Edward, 1855-1932, Knight, Admiral

  • KCL-AF0055
  • Person
  • 1855-1932

Born in 1855; entered the Royal Navy in 1869; Sub Lt, 1875; Lt, 1878; Commander, 1891; Capt, 1898; Assistant Director of Torpedoes, 1903-1907; R Adm, 1908; Director of Naval Intelligence, 1909-1912; Commander-in-Chief, East Indies, 1912; Vice Adm, 1913; commander, Royal Naval War College, Portsmouth, 1913-1914; commanded battleships of 3 Fleet, 1914; commander, Channel Fleet, 1915; Adm, 1916; Commander-in-Chief, Plymouth, 1916-1918; Adm commanding Coast Guard and Reserves; retired, 1918; died in 1932.

Bethell, Edward Walter, 1891-1918, Captain

  • KCL-AF0056
  • Person
  • 1891-1918

Born 1891; educated at Sandroyd Cobham, Winchester College and the Royal Military College, Sandhurst; commissioned into 1 Bn, The Queen's (Royal West Surrey Regt), 1911; service in Gibraltar, 1911-1912; served in Bermuda, 1912-1914; Lt, 1913; service in Pretoria, South Africa, 1914; served in World War One, 1914-1918; wounded, First Battle of Ypres, Belgium, 1914; acting Capt, 1915; Capt, 1915; Assistant Instructor, Mersey School of Instruction, 1915-1916; Company Commander, No 8, Officer Cadet Bn, 1916-1917; Staff Course, Clare College, Cambridge, 1917; Assistant Instructor, No 1 School of Instruction for Infantry Officers, 1917-1918; Senior Officers Course, Aldershot, Hampshire, 1918; commanded B Company, 1 Bn, The Queen's (Royal West Surrey Regt), 19 Infantry Bde, 33 Div, 5 Corps, 3 Army, Western Front, 1918; killed in action, near Epehy, France, 21 Sep 1918.

Bethell, Maurice John, 1894-1916, RN Lieutenant

  • KCL-AF0057
  • Person
  • 1894-1916

Born 1894; RN Cadet, Royal Naval College, Osborne, Isle of Wight, 1907-1909; RN Cadet, Royal Naval College, Dartmouth, Devon, 1909-1911; served on Training Cruiser HMS CUMBERLAND, 1911; Midshipman, 1911; HMS BRITANNIA, Home Fleet, 1911; HMS DRAKE, Flagship of V Adm Sir George Fowler King-Hall, Commander-in-Chief, Australia, 1911-1913; HMS DREADNOUGHT, Flagship of V Adm Sir Charles John Briggs, commanding 4 Battle Sqn, Home Fleet, 1913-1914; acting Sub Lt, 1914; First Lt, HMS BONETTA, Devonport, 1914; Sub Lt, 1914; HMS AURORA, Devonport, 1914; served in World War One, 1914-1916; Lt, 1915; First Lt, HMS NESTOR, 13 Destroyer Flotilla, Grand Fleet, Queensferry, Fife, Scotland, 1916; killed in action during the sinking of HMS NESTOR, 13 Destroyer Flotilla, Battle of Jutland, North Sea, 31 May 1916.

Bethune, Sir Edward Cecil, 1855-1930, Knight, Lieutenant General

  • KCL-AF0058
  • Person
  • 1855-1930

Born 1855; commissioned into the 92 Highlanders, 1875; served in Second Afghan War, 1878-1880; service in First Boer War, South Africa, 1880-1881; transferred to 6 Dragoon Guards, 1886; Maj, 16 Lancers, 1895; served in Second Boer War, South Africa, 1899-1902; raised and commanded Bethune's Horse, South Africa, 1899-1900; relief of Ladysmith, 1900; Assistant Adjutant General, Field Force, South Africa, 1900; Commanding Officer, 16 Lancers, 1900-1904; Brevet Col, 1900; Col on Staff, 1901; commanded Cavalry Bde, South Africa, 1901; appointed to General Staff and promoted to Brig Gen, 1905; awarded CB, 1905; commanded Eastern Sub-District, Cape Colony, south Africa; Maj Gen, 1908; Col, 4 (Royal Irish) Dragoon Guards, 1908-1920; awarded CVO, 1909; General Officer Commanding West Lancashire Div, Territorial Force, Western Command, 1909-1912; Director General, Territorial Force, 1912-1917; Lt Gen, 1913; served in World War One, 1914-1918; created KCB, 1915; retired 1920; Chairman, Metropolitan Area, Royal British Legion, 1925-1930; died 1930.

Biddulph, Sir Robert, 1835-1918, Knight, General, colonial governor

  • KCL-AF0059
  • Person
  • 1835-1918

Born 1835; educated at the Royal Military Academy, Woolwich; commissioned into the Royal Artillery, 1853; served in the Crimean War, 1854-1856, and was present at the Battle of the Alma, the Battle of Balaclava and the siege of Sebastopol; service in the Indian Mutiny Campaign, 1857-1859; Capt, 1860; Second China War, 1860; Maj, 1861; Lt Col, 1864; Assistant Boundary Commissioner for Reform Act, 1867; private secretary to Rt Hon Edward Cardwell, Secretary of State for War, 1871-1873; Col, 1872; Assistant Adjutant General, War Office, 1873-1878; awarded CB, 1877; HM Commissioner, Constantinople, 1879; High Commissioner and Commander-in-Chief, Cyprus, 1879-1886; created KCMG, 1880; Maj Gen, 1883; appointed GCMG, 1886; Inspector General of Recruiting, 1886-1888; Lt Gen, 1887; Director General of Military Education, 1888-1893; Gen, 1892; Quartermaster General to the Forces, 1893; Governor and Commander-in-Chief, Gibraltar, 1893-1900; created KCB, 1896; appointed GCB, 1899; retired, 1902; Army Purchase Commissioner, 1904; Master Gunner of St James's Park, 1914; died 1918. Publications: Lord Cardwell at the War Office. A history of his administration, 1868-1874 (John Murray, London, 1904).

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