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Authority record

King’s College London Arts and Humanities Data Service

  • KCL-AF1011
  • Centre
  • 1996-2008

The Arts and Humanities Data Service (AHDS) was founded in 1996 as an academic partnership to promote the creation, use and preservation of digital content for the arts and humanities. The central Executive of the AHDS was based at King’s College London, with five partners in other UK universities: the Oxford Text Archive (OTA), for literature, language and linguistics, the Archaeology Data Service (ADS) at York, the History Data Service (HDS) at Essex, the Performing Arts Data Service (PADS) at Glasgow, and the Visual Arts Data Service (VADS) at University College for the Creative Arts, Farnham. The AHDS developed tools and systems for creating, managing and preserving data and access provision, and policies on collection development, appraisal, management and preservation. When the AHDS ended in 2008, its function was taken over by a new Centre for e-Research, which since 2012 has been part of the Department of Digital Humanities within the Faculty of Arts and Humanities, King’s College London.

King's College London Medical Research Council Biophysics Research Unit

  • Centre
  • 1946-1984

The Biophysics Research Unit was founded in 1946 funded by the Medical Research Council (MRC) and attached to the Department of Physics, with John Turton Randall as first Director. It moved into the purpose-built Wheatstone Physics Laboratory in the basement of the main King’s Building, 1952. Staff of the Unit published preliminary findings on the structure of DNA in the April 1953 edition of Nature, simultaneously with James Watson and Francis Crick, Cavendish Laboratory, Cambridge. After years of further research, Maurice Wilkins was jointly awarded, with Watson and Crick, the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, 1962. The Unit became part of a newly formed Department of Biophysics in 1962 and became the MRC Cell Biophysics Unit from 1974.