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GRIFFITH, Lt Col Samuel (1905-1985)

  • GRIFFITH
  • Collection
  • [1939-1945]

Papers relating to his military service during World War Two, dated [1939-1945], 1948, 1965-1966, notably including account of the service of 1 Welch Regt in Crete, May 1941, written in 1966; silk map of North Africa and the southern Mediterranean, [1939-1945]; account of his imprisonment in Salonika in 1941 and his subsequent transportation to Germany, [1945]; typescript copy of 'Per anum ad astra', an account by Alexis Casdigli of the smuggling of maps from Oflag IX A-H to Oflag XII B in 1944 by a group of POWs, including Casdigli and Griffith, written in 1948, copied in 1965.

Griffith, Samuel, 1905-1985, Lieutenant Colonel

MILLINGEN, Professor Alexander Van (1840-1915)

  • K/PP139
  • Collection
  • c1870s-c1900s

Papers of Alexander Van Millingen on history, architecture and archaeology, c1870s-c1900s (mostly undated), relating mainly to Constantinople and Byzantium but also to Biblical history, Greek and Roman history, history of philosophy and religion, early church history, and history of art, and including manuscript notes (some in notebooks), manuscript and typescript drafts, news cuttings, sketches, transcriptions and rubbings of inscriptions, and a few items of personal material, notably financial accounts and address books; photographs (some labelled as unpublished), plate proofs and sketches of buildings and monuments, and reproductions of inscriptions, including the walls of Constantinople and churches including Saint Eirene, Theodore, Theodosia, Sergios and Bacchos, Peter and Mark, Andrew in Krisis, Ioannes in Troullos, Christos in Chora, and Pantokrator (some items are endorsed with notes); photograph album of people and places in France, Germany, Italy, Austria, England, Montenegro, India, Tunis and Malta, 1889-1895 (where dated); plans of buildings, comprising the Egyptian obelisk in the Hippodrome, Constantinople, and the churches Saint Mary Mouchliotissa, Thekla, Mary Panachrantos, Peter and Mark, Mary Diaconissa, Theodosia, Saviour Pantepoptes, Theodore Thetiro, Mary Pammakaristos, John the Baptist of the Studion, the Church of the Myrelaion, the Monastir Mesjedi, the Refectory of the Monastery of Manuel, the Bogdan Serai, the Sanjakdar Mesjedi, and the Balaban Aga Mesjedi.

Millingen, Alexander, Van, 1840-1915, Professor of History

RAEBURN, Maj Gen Sir Digby (1915-2001)

  • RAEBURN
  • Collection
  • [1992]

Some recollections of a Scots Guardsman, 1935-1947', a memoir covering his military career during the period 1935-1947, notably his service at General HQ, Middle East Land Forces, 1940-1943, and with the Scots Guards in Italy, 1943-1944 and 1947, and Germany, 1945, written in [1992].

Raeburn, Sir William Digby Manifold, 1915-2001, Knight, Major General

RIDLEY, Col Dan Dunglinson (1916-2006)

  • RIDLEY, DD
  • Collection
  • 1945

Copies of papers relating to service of Colonel Dan Dunglinson Ridley, Berlin, Germany, 1945-46. Diary kept during work with American military government detachment in Remschied, Germany, assessing local infrastructure, May 1945. Account, written after his retirement, 1970, of his work for the Military Government of the Greater Berlin Area (MGGBA) administrating the Wilmersdorf District, British Sector, Berlin, Germany, under Lieutenant Colonel "Fritz" Norman (Dudley Stewart Norman, East Yorkshire Regiment), describing problems of liaison with occupying Russian forces and assessing former civilian members of Nazi party before allocating jobs; and account of work in Military Government Headquarters, Charlottenburg District, British Sector, under command of Brigadier "Loony" Hinde (Sir William Robert Norris Hinde); dealing with running of the city and describing social conditions for civilian population. Also original pass issued by Russian Army to allow free passage in Wilmersdorf District, Berlin, Germany.

Ridley, Dan Dunglinson, 1916-2006, Colonel

COLD WAR, THE: television documentary archive

  • COLD WAR
  • Collection
  • 1995-1998

The Cold War television documentary archive consists of transcripts of 531 interviews concerning events of the Cold War - the political, ideological tension between the United States and the United Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR), 1946-1989, following the end of World War Two, which while falling short of actual war between these two nations, was evident in their foreign and defence policies, and those of their allies.

Interviews were conducted with eyewitnesses from the US, USSR, Germany, Poland, Britain, Czechoslovakia, Italy, France, Greece, Latvia, Lithuania, Hungary, Spain, Vietnam, Korea, China, Israel Egypt, South Africa, Angola, Cuba, Chile, Guatemala, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Afghanistan and Pakistan, and including politicians, policy makers and advisors, diplomats, journalists, academics, members of armed forces, dissidents, peasants, factory workers and civilians.

Events described include the Berlin blockade, 1948-1949, the Berlin Crisis, 1961, the Cuban Missile Crisis, Oct 1962, the Vietnam War, 1965-1975, the Korean War, 1950-1953, the Hungarian uprising, 1956, the Prague Spring, 1968, the nuclear arms race, 1945-1991, and Chinese communism, 1949-1972.

The collections also contains transcripts of a series of seminars on the Cold War, Oct 1995, as well as an incomplete series of files relating to individual episodes of the documentary series including annotated extracts of interview transcripts and other production information. (Transcripts in this section of the collection are mainly duplicates, however there are a small number which are not found in the main transcript series).

Jeremy Isaacs Productions

VERNEY, Maj Gen Gerald Lloyd (1900-1957)

  • VERNEY, GL
  • Collection
  • 1945-1957

Papers relating to role of 6 Guards Tank Brigade in Operation BLUECOAT, Normandy, Jul 1944; operations of 7 Armoured Division, Aug-Nov 1944, including capture of Ghent; 1 Guards Brigade, Feb 1944-May 1945, including Battle of River Po and situation reports, Northern Italy and Southern Austria; pamphlets, 1943-1946 including 21 Army Group reports; campaign maps, including Turkey, 1922-1923; France, Belgium, Holland and Germany, 1944 and Italy and Austria, 1945; working papers for unpublished typescript 'Airborne Forces'. Notes and draft papers of Maj Peter V Verney for Anzio 1944 An Unexpected Fury (Batsford, 1978) and planned publications on Marlborough's wars and 'The Gaiety and the Glory: the Irishman at War'.

Verney, Peter Vivian, b 1930, Major

WELLS, Wg Cdr Maurice Clunes (1912-1992)

  • WELLS
  • Collection
  • [1931-1932]

Copies of extracts from 'Wells, a family history', produced by Tessa J Harfield, 1988, principally comprising a brief account of the life and RAF career of Sidney McLeod Wells (Wg Cdr Maurice Clunes Wells' brother), 1906-1941, written by Harfield in 1988; transcription of Brig (then Lt) Brian Gordon Wells' account of a big game hunt in Northern Rhodesia, 1931, written in [1931-1932], with his record of service, 1923-1955, dated 1955; transcription of 'My career in the RAF, 1935-1950' written by Wg Cdr Maurice Clunes Wells, written in [1980-1985]. Original manuscript of 'My career in the RAF, 1935-1950'. Photographs relating to Wg Cdr Maurice Clunes Wells' army career, dated [1940-1945] and [1980-1988], notably his internment as a POW, [1940-1945].

Wells, Maurice Clunes, 1912-1992, Wing Commander

WOODS, Maj Gen Thomas Frederic Mackie (1904-1982)

  • WOODS, TFM
  • Collection
  • 1932-1970

Typescript thesis for MD (Doctor of Medicine), Dublin University, entitled 'The prevention of malaria in a military cantonment in northern India' [1933]. Correspondence, 1935-1954, mostly personal letters of thanks and congratulations, including letter from Edwina Cynthia Annette Mountbatten, Countess Mountbatten of Burma, following a visit to military hospitals in West Germany, 1950. Typescript 'An account of the first two years with the East African Groundnut Scheme' [1948]. Correspondence, pamphlets and certificates, relating to retirement from the Royal Army Medical Corps, 1961-1962, awards and appointments, 1950-1977, and the Royal Army Medical Corps centenary celebrations, 1960. Typescript minutes of meetings of the Council of Col Commandants, Royal Army Medical Corps, 1964-1969. Correspondence and papers relating to Royal Army Medical Corps Regimental ties, uniform and dress regulations, orders, decorations and medals, 1966-1968. Correspondence relating to visits to military establishments as Col Commandant, Royal Army Medical Corps, Jan-Dec 1967. Correspondence with the War Office, 1961, and the Ministry of Defence, 1969-1970, relating to pay and conditions of retirement as President of the Command Standing Medical Board, Military Hospital, Tidworth, Hampshire.

Woods, Thomas Frederic Mackie, 1904-1982, Major General

US NATIONAL SECURITY COUNCIL: minutes of meetings, first supplement

  • MF422-MF426; MF548-MF552; MF438-MF440
  • Collection
  • 1947-1956

Minutes of the Meetings of the National Security Council: First Supplement are microfilmed copies of minutes of meetings, official meeting files and supporting documentation, and detailed records relating to meeting of the National Security Council, 1947-1956. Document material relates to policies and procedures governing the National Security Council, 1947; initial directives to the Central Intelligence Agency, 1947; the US political position concerning Italy, Greece, China, and Palestine, 1947; US policy with respect to the Republic of Korea, 1948-53; conversations with the British in regard to the Eastern Mediterranean and the Middle East, 1948; US position with respect to perceptions of Soviet-directed world communism, 1948-55; the dispatch of US B-29 bombers to Great Britain, 1948; US policy on atomic and nuclear warfare, 1948-55; possible Soviet interruptions to the Berlin air-lift, 1948; organisation under the Atlantic Pact and the formation of the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO), 1949; the re- armament of the Federal Republic of West Germany, 1950; the position of the US with respect to Indochina, 1951-55; the death of Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin, President of the Soviet Council of Ministers and General Secretary, Communist Party of the Soviet Union, 1953; the Mutual Security Program, 1953; US objectives with respect to Indonesia, 1953; US objectives in the event of a general war with the Soviet bloc, 1954; overseas reaction to the Atomic Energy Commission, 1955; US policy towards the People's Republic of China, Formosa and the government of the Republic of China, 1955

US OFFICE OF STRATEGIC SERVICES OPERATIONS IN WESTERN EUROPE, 1942-1945

  • MF204-MF211
  • Collection
  • 1942-1945

OSS/London: Special Operations Branch and Secret Intelligence Branch War Diaries is a themed microfilm collection relating to US Office of Strategic Services (OSS)intelligence analyses and special operations in Western Europe, Jun 1942-Jun 1945. The collection includes Special Operations Branch organisation charts and directives, orders and summaries, Jun 1942-Jul 1944; Special Operations (SO) Branch and OSS training schedules; papers relating to Special Operations Branch liaison with Scandinavian Special Operations Executive (SOE) Section; reports on military and strategic objectives relating to Operation OVERLORD, the Allied invasion of France, Jan-Sep 1944; estimates of Special Operations personnel strength, Apr-Jun 1944; reports on resistance movements in Norway, Denmark, and Poland; summaries of Secret Intelligence Branch Operations, Apr-Sep 1944; list of decorations, commendations, and payments to families of the Special Operations and Secret Intelligence Branch casualties; biographies of Secret Intelligence personnel; reports from Secret Intelligence Branch operations in the Netherlands, France, Poland, Czechoslovakia; Germany; Secret Intelligence Branch liaison with the OSS; photographs of American and British Special Operations Branch officers; photographs of Maquis, French resistance, operatives; report from the Special Mission on German Methods of Demolition and Sabotage, Sep-Dec 1944; reports on Polish resistance fighters in France, 1944; lists of code names and code words used by the Special Operations Branch; reports from military, demolition, intelligence gathering, and espionage missions in Western Europe, 1944; after action summaries from the OSS Reports and Registry Division, London, and the OSS Reports Board, Paris, France, 1 Jan-15 Jun 1945.

US NAVAL HISTORICAL CENTER PAPERS ON US NAVY IN EUROPE, 1941-1946

  • MFF17
  • Collection
  • 1941-1946

This microfilm collection contains copied official documents relating to US naval operations in Europe and US naval liaison duties in Britain, 1941-1946. Many of the microfilmed documents are official reports sent to the Historical Section, US Navy, in 1946, for the purposes of compiling an official history. The collection includes material relating to the US naval administration, 1940-1946; the US Navy Special Observer missions in London, 1940-1946; the decision to post Adm Harold Raynsford Stark as Commander, [US] Naval Forces in Europe (COMNAVEU); COMNAVEU organisation and personnel, 1940- 1946; operational reports concerning [US] Naval Forces in Europe (COMNAVEU) and associated commands of COMNAVEU, including US 12 Fleet, 1941-1946; US naval intelligence and naval attaché duties; units under the command of COMNAVEU, including task forces and amphibious forces; supply and logistical activities, 1940- 1946; the history of Lend-Lease and Reciprocal Aid in Britain; the history of US naval bases in Britain; logistical planning for US Naval Forces in Europe for cross- channel operations; COMNAVEU's role in the planning and execution of Operation OVERLORD, the Allied invasion of France, 6 Jun 1944, and Operation NEPTUNE, the air and land assault on France, Jun 1944, including the naval bombardment of Axis forces and the use of US Navy amphibious forces to assault the beaches at Normandy, France assaults; a history of US Naval Task Forces in France, Germany, the Azores, the Mediterranean, and Italy, 1945-1946; relations with US Navy Pacific Command, 1941-1946.

WHEELER, ACM Sir Henry Neil George (1917-2009)

  • WHEELER, N
  • Collection
  • 1939-1991

Papers of ACM Sir Neil Wheeler including training account, report, press cuttings and photographs, 1939-1991, notably a comprehensive report on the Royal Air Force Operations in Malaya, June 1948-March 1949, produced by Air Headquarters, Royal Air Force Malaya, May 1949; text for talk by Wheeler on early aerial photographic reconnaissance, delivered at a Royal Air Force Historical Society seminar, 1991; undated detailed account of training for, planning and leading wing strikes against shipping convoys, 1942-1943. Cutting of article 'Cameramen of the Air: Photographing bomb damage - vital work of RAF PRU'S (Photographic Reconnaissance Units)', from The Times, 1 Sept 1943. Printed maps of Norwegian, English, French and German coastlines, [1942], with handwritten annotations. Album of Photographic Reconnaissance Unit photographs, 1940-1941, many with captions, showing locations in France, the Netherlands, Germany and Norway including: Brest harbour; anti-aircraft fire over Cherbourg; Morlaix; Brest; Chateau Bougon Aerodrome, Nantes; Nantes; St Nazaire; La Rochelle; La Pallice; Rochefort; Bordeaux; Dunkirk, showing wrecks on beaches; Le Havre; Zeebrugge; Boulogne; railway yards near Calais; Vlissingen Aerodrome; Antwerp; Ter Neuzen; Flushing; St Inglevert Aerodrome; Knickerbein W/T beam stations; Amsterdam; Ijmuiden; Gravelines; the Nordzee Canal; Caen; Schipol aerodrome; Stavanger; Bergen; Egersund Port; convoys in the Skaggerak area; Herl-Herdla Aerodrome; Lista aerodrome; Kiel; Bremerhaven; Brunsbuttel; Wilhelmshaven; The Hague; Dieppe; Rotterdam; Poix Aerodrome; Ostend; also photograph of shelling damage in Guernica, Spain, 2 Jun 1941; photograph of office showing maps and operations board for 8 Apr 1941; printed map with drawn annotations showing the ranges in nautical miles of medium range, long range, super long range and extra super long range Spitfires from Wick, St Eval and Heston. Loose photographs, 1939-1943, many with captions, showing: aircraft including a Maryland, a Swordfish, a Hawker Fury and a Heyford; Wheeler and colleagues at airfields in Wick, Scotland and St Eual, Cornwall, 1941; Wheeler and aircrew of 236 Squadron, 1943. Also painting of the insignia of 236 Squadron.

Wheeler, Sir Henry Neil George, 1917-2009, Knight, Air Chief Marshal

SANDERSON, Col L H F (fl 1915-1980)

  • SANDERSON
  • Collection
  • 1915-1948

Copies of typescript Indian Corps Intelligence Summaries, France, Aug 1915, and typescript account in French entitled 'Quelques faits importants de la Guerre par rapport a Merville', 1919. Papers relating to Sanderson's military intelligence work, 1940-1945, including typescript intelligence reports and summaries relating to the likely invasion of UK, 1940-1941, notably typescript Southern Command memorandum entitled 'Enemy craft likely to be used in invasion of UK and their employment', Jan 1941; typescript translations of German directives on the planned invasion of the UK, Operation SEELÖWE, 1940, taken from documents captured by the Allies in 1945; typescript copies, with translations, of Adolf Hitler's last will and his private and political testament, dated 29 Apr 1945. Printed volume, 'Notes on German preparation for invasion of the UK', prepared by General Staff, War Office, and issued to officers of MI14, Apr 1941. Printed volume in German entitled Informationsheft GB, produced by the Germans in World War Two as a manual on British life, customs, Government and administration [1940].

Sanderson, L H F, fl 1915-1980, Colonel

US GOVERNMENT STUDIES ON TERRORISM, 1975-1991

  • MF831-MF843
  • Collection
  • 1974-1991

Terrorism: Special Studies, 1975-1991 is a themed microfilm compilation of texts commissioned by the US government and published by University Publications of America, Inc. Original texts cover the period 1960-1991, and are drawn from a variety of originating bodies, including the US Defense Intelligence Agency, the US armed forces intelligence organisation; US Central Intelligence Agency; US Army War College; the Defense Intelligence College; US Department of State; Columbia University; US Naval Postgraduate School; US Army Command and Staff College; the Federal Aviation Administration; and non-partisan policy centres, including the RAND Corporation. The collection includes US Central Intelligence Agency terrorist yearbooks; US Defense Intelligence College reports on the Euskadi Ta Askatasuna (ETA), the West German Red Army Faction, and the Irish Republican Army (IRA); US Federal Aviation Administration reports on the effectiveness of the Civil Aviation Security Program; RAND Corporation policy papers relating to hostage survival, terrorism in the 1980s, options for US policy on terrorism, right-wing terrorist organisations, terrorism in the Middle East, the Red Brigade, kidnapping, white supremacist organisations, and the threat of nuclear and biological weapons; US State Department reports on political terrorism; US Army War College policy papers relating to counter-terrorism, psychological aspects of terrorism, the operational level of 'Euroterrorism' in the 1980s, the media and terrorism, the Palestinian Liberation Organisation (PLO), and Northern Ireland; Defense Intelligence Agency papers, including the report of the Symposium on International Terrorism, Washington, DC, 2-3 Dec 1985.

BAKER, Maj Gen Ian Helstrip (1927-2005)

  • BAKER, IH
  • Collection
  • 1955-2003

Papers of Maj Gen Ian Helstrip Baker, notably concerning armoured warfare, 1955-2003, including instructions, memoranda, reports and notes on training exercises including Exercise GAMEBIRD, Cyclops Sqn, 2 Royal Tank Regt, Libya, Jul 1964; Exercises OPEN GLOVE and TREBLE CHANCE, Cyclops Sqn, 2 Royal Tank Regt and 16 Parachute Bde Group, Sep 1964; Exercise DOUBLE STRETCH 72, 7 Armoured Bde, Germany, Feb-Mar 1972; Exercise RED RAT, 7 Armoured Bde, Germany, Sep-Oct 1972; MACLEOD, 7 Armoured Bde, Germany, Aug-Sep 1972; Exercise READY RAT, 7 Armoured Bde, Germany, 11 Sep 1972; Exercise LONG LOOK, for 7 Armoured Bde trials of ZB298 radar, Oct 1971-Apr 1972; organisational trial Exercise SQUARE RAT, Germany, 28 Dec 1972; Exercise FIRST STRETCH 73, 7 Armoured Bde, Germany, Feb 1973; Exercise DOUBLE STRETCH 73, 1 Armoured Bde, Germany, Mar-Apr 1973; Exercise HURST PARK 73, 7 Armoured Bde, Germany, Apr 1973; Exercise QUEEN'S PATROL, 7 Armoured Bde, Germany (relating to operations in Northern Ireland), May 1973; Exercise RED RAT 73, 7 Armoured Bde, Germany, Aug 1973; Exercise FOUR SQUARE, 7 Armoured Bde, Germany, Sep-Nov, 1973; photographs of [FV214 Conqueror battle tanks], Royal Armoured Corps, Bovington, Dorset and photograph of an amphibious jeep, partially submerged, 1960; photograph of Crown Prince Birendra of Nepal and others watching a Hornet Launcher vehicle being loaded with Malkara missiles by personnel of Cyclops Sqn, 2 Royal Tank Regt, Candahar Barracks, Tidworth, 15 Apr 1964; captioned photographs relating to Baker's visit to [1 Bn, Royal Green Jackets], Belfast, Northern Ireland, including: battalion personnel on patrol; Falls Road and Hamilton Street, Belfast, showing the aftermath of explosions; IRA weapons discovered, including rifles, knives, an RPG7 rocket launcher and RPG7 rockets, a car bomb and smaller incendiary devices, Aug 1972; photographs of Baker, Nov 1979 and in Brigadier's uniform; handing over briefing notes by Baker as Deputy Assistant Adjutant General, 17 Gurkha Div, Overseas Commonwealth Land Forces, 25 Jun 1962; training instructions for Cyclops Sqn, 2 Royal Tank Regt, Tidworth, Mar 1963-May 1964; briefing notes on the Parachute Sqn, Royal Armoured Corps, by Baker, 1964; Royal Armoured Corps training pamphlet, 'The technique of shooting from AFVs. Part 4: the application of fire from Saladin armoured cars' (MoD, Feb 1967); 1 Royal Tank Regt standing operational procedures, Jun 1969; briefing notes for Baker as Commander, 7 Armoured Bde, by Administration and Quartering staff, 7 Armoured Bde, 18 Jan 1972 and by Brigade Majors, 7 Armoured Bde, 7 Feb 1972; 7 Armoured Bde standing operating procedures relating to headquarters and operations (vol. 1), and administration and logistics (vol. 2), Feb 1972; training directives by Baker as Brigadier Commanding 7 Armoured Bde, Mar-Sep 1972; notes on the creation and history of the Desert Rat badge of 7 Armoured Bde, 1940-1972; training directive by Baker as Brigadier Commanding 7 Armoured Bde, Mar 1973; correspondence and accounts by Lt Col R A Pascoe, 1 Bn Royal Green Jackets, of the battalion's service in Belfast, 8-14 Oct 1972.

Baker, Ian Helstrip, 1927-2005, Major General

BOYD, Maj Gen Ian Herbert Fitzgerald (1907-1978)

  • BOYD
  • Collection
  • 1933-1959

Photographs of landscape, towns and local Pathans, North West Frontier, India [1930-1936]; photographs of civilian engineering training, UK, 1934-1936; diary, 1939-1940, narrative of service as Engineer Staff Officer and Field Engineer, Rawalpindi and Staff Officer Royal Engineers 3, Delhi; diary, 1957-1959, narrative of service as Chief Engineer, Far East Land Forces. Photographs of official duties as Chief Engineer, Northern Army Group NATO and British Army of the Rhine, 1959-1962.

Boyd, Ian Herbert Fitzgerald, 1907-1978, Major General

BRIGHT, Brig Robert Henry (1912-1992)

  • BRIGHT
  • Collection
  • 1947

Proceedings of Institution of Mechanical Engineers vol 157, containing three articles on developments in internal combustion engines and gas turbines including 'The Development of Gas Turbine Power Plants for Traction Purposes in Germany' by Bright, 1947.

Bright, Robert Harry, 1912-1992, Brigadier

US STATE DEPARTMENT FILES: Soviet Union, Foreign Affairs, 1945-1959

  • MF361-MF372; MF 412-MF421
  • Collection
  • 1945-1959

A themed microfilm collection relating to US State Department interpretations of Soviet foreign affairs, 1945-1959. Included in the collection are US State Department files relating to the repatriation of German prisoners of war from the Soviet Union following World War Two; Soviet boundary disputes involving the People's Republic of China, Bulgaria, Hungary, Iran Romania, and Turkey; Soviet economic, non-aggression, and peace treaties with the People's Republic of China; Soviet funds raised from enemy property in Germany and Austria; Soviet political relations with the Republic of South Korea and the People's Republic of Korea; Soviet alliances or friendship treaties with Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Austria, Bulgaria, Burma, Denmark, Egypt, Ethiopia, Finland, France, the Federal Republic of Germany, Greece, Pakistan, Syria, Thailand, and the United States, 1945-1959.

HAHN, Prof Dr Otto (1879-1968)

  • HAHN
  • Collection
  • 1945

Typescript text in German entitled 'Beziehungen zu Nichtariern' ('Relationships with non-Aryans'), dated Jul 1945, relating to the treatment of Otto Hahn's Jewish friends and colleagues in Germany, 1933-1945. Also a copy of his biography, Mein Leben (Bruckmann, Munich, Germany, 1968).

Hahn, Otto, 1879-1968, chemist

HALDER, GENERALOBERST FRANZ: JOURNAL, 1938-1942

  • MF321-MF322
  • Collection
  • 1939-1942

The Private War Journal of Generaloberst Franz Halder, Chief of the General Staff of the Supreme Command of the German Army, 1939- 1942 is a microfilmed copy of the desk journal of Generaloberst Franz Halder. In 1938, Generaloberst [Col Gen] Franz Halder took office as Chief of the General Staff of the German Army, Oberkommando des Heeres (OKH), openly declaring himself opposed to the Nazi leadership of the German Armed Forces. By 1939, however, Hitler had begun to direct much of the operational decision making of the OKH. Although Halder would continue to voice opposition to the more impractical military directives, he nonetheless complied with the strategic demands proposed by Hitler and the Oberkommando der Wehrmacht (OKW), the Supreme Command of the German Armed Forces. From 1938-1942, Halder's duties were confined to operational decision making and desk planning, analysing reports sent to him by his subordinates and conferring with officers of the Oberkommando des Heeres (OKH), the Supreme Command of the German Army, over administrative, operational, and logistical matters. Halder's short-hand notes and daily entries in his Kriegstagebücher summarised each day's work and acted as an aide mémoire to events, 1938-1942. The journal reflects the detail, routine, and bureaucracy encountered by Halder and his staff, as well as the decision making process between Halder, the General Staff, and Adolf Hitler. Kept by Halder personally, the journal should not be confused with the official War Diaries kept by the Supreme Command of the German Army. Intended to serve as a notebook, the diary does not furnish a complete record of all activities, 1939-1942; rather it reflects the German High Command decision making structure as well as the character of many German senior officers, including FM (Karl Rudolf) Gerd von Runstedt, FM Erich von Manstein, and Col Gen Heinz Guderian. After the war, the journal was introduced by the Prosecution as a documentary exhibit in the record of the case entitled the United States of America vs Wilhelm von Leeb et al, brought before Military Tribunal V (FM Wilhelm Ritter von Leeb, Commander Army Group North, was tried for minor war crimes in 1948). The journal was subsequently translated and reduced to typewritten form from the original notes under the guidance of Phillip Willner, Chief of the Reporting Branch (German) of the Office of Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, Office of the Military Government for Germany. It was then reviewed with Halder for continuity and published soon thereafter.

Halder, Franz, 1884-1972, German General

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