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Germany
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MOND, Frida (c1847-1923)

  • K/PP125
  • Collection
  • 1794-1831

Collection of Frida Mond relating to German literature including poems and letters, 1794-1831, by and concerning Johann Wolfgang Von Goethe and a manuscript page (undated) of Wilhelm Tell by Johann Christoph Friedrich Von Schiller; portraits, busts and reliefs of Goethe and Schiller, some of which (including some photographs) are copies of original material held elsewhere; other relics and memorabilia relating to them, some postdating their deaths; and relics comprising jewellery, clothing, hair, possessions and portraits of Lotte Buff (Charlotte Buff, 1753-1828, friend of Goethe 1772).

Mond, Frida, c1847-1923, benefactor of King's College London

PYMAN, Gen Sir Harold English (1908-1971)

  • PYMAN
  • Collection
  • 1860-1901

The collection covers Pyman's career from 1937 until 1963 when he suffered a severe stroke which forced his retirement in 1964. The earliest papers date from Pyman's work with the Royal Tank Cadre in converting the 17/21 Lancers from a cavalry to an armoured regiment. There are also papers from Pyman's period as an instructor at the Staff College in Quetta, India, 1939-1941. Pyman was involved in the World War Two campaigns by the 8 Army in the Western Desert, in 1941 as General Staff Officer with 7 Armoured Div, 30 Corps and in 1942-1943 as Commander of the 3 Royal Tank Regiment, 10 Armoured Div, 30 Corps. The papers consist mostly of Pyman's assessments of lessons learned from the ongoing campaigns particularly with regard to tanks and armoured units. In 1944-1945 Pyman was Brigidier General Staff, 30 Corps, 2 Army in the Normandy landings and the invasion of Northern Europe, with particular responsibility for organisation and planning of the Rhine crossing and advance to the Baltic. This is reflected in the papers which largely consist of planning studies and reports for the operations involved, this section also contains maps used in the campaign. Pyman's next appointment was as Chief of General Staff, Allied Land Forces, South East Asia, 1945-1946 which is documented by a series of diaries which reflect the tasks faced by Pyman in this command including dealing with the build up of tension between newly liberated former colonies keen to assert their right for independence and the former colonial powers such as France and Netherlands. Pyman spent 1946-1949 as Chief of Staff, Middle East Land Forces and kept monthly diaries which form the bulk of this section of the collection. The diary entries and additional papers reflect the debate over policy in the Middle East in the British Government and Military command, they include detail on the British withdrawal from Greece, the problem of illegal Jewish immigrants and their internment in Cyprus, the end of the British mandate in Palestine and the the effect of this on relations between Britain with Egypt and the other Arab states and the subsequent Arab Israeli conflict. This section of the collection also contains correspondence between Pyman and Maj Gen Sir Miles Christopher Dempsey on personal matters and on the Middle East. There are also papers from Pyman's work at the Ministry of Supply as Director General of Fighting Vehicles, 1951-1953, Director of Weapons Development, War Office, 1955-1956 mostly brief diary entries and lecture texts. Pyman was also General Officer Commanding, British Army on the Rhine, 1953-1955 and General Officer Commanding, 1 British Corps, 1956-1958 and the papers relating to these commands consist mostly of lectures, reports and directives reflecting his interest in armoured divisions and training. There are some papers, mostly personal correspondence and press cuttings, from Pyman's final command as Commander-in-Chief Allied Forces Northern Europe in North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO). The collection also contains correspondence relating to Pyman's role as Colonel Commandant of the Royal Tank Regiment and The Royal Armoured Corps and a series of letters covering the reorganisation of the Berks and Westminster Dragoons, of which he was Honorary Colonel. The rest of the collection consists of diaries, correspondence, speeches, writings including the draft copy and papers relating to his autobiography, some preparatory work on a history of the 2 Army and reference works. The collection also includes the Boer War diaries and other papers of Col James Redmond Patrick Gordon who commanded the 1 Cavalry Bde of the South African Field Force 1900-1901 which were given to Pyman by a friend.

Pyman, Harold English ('Pete'), 1908-1971, Knight, General

DOWNES, Capt Walter Douglas (1884-1920)

  • DOWNES
  • Collection
  • 1906-1911

Papers relating to the Anglo-German Yola-Cross River Boundary Commission, Nigeria and Cameroon, 1907-1909, comprising bound typescript account of the work of the Commission between Yola and Kwosa, Aug 1908, with unsigned geological report on the Nigerian-Cameroon Boundary, Yola to Cross River, 1907-1909, written in [1909]; photographs, 1907-1909, bound with 'Two years on an Anglo-German boundary commission in West Africa', typescript by Downes, [1909] and 'Nigeria: delimitation of boundary between Yola and the Cross River, 1907-9', Command paper 5368, printed by HMSO in 1909. With the Nigerians in German East Africa (Methuen and Co, London, 1919), special edition bound with typescript copies of press reviews, 1919. Photographs relating to his service with 2 Royal Sussex Regt, Crete, 1906, bound with an account of his service, written in 1915. Photographs of Sinai, 1909-1911, mainly landscapes and people.

Downes, Walter Douglas, 1884-1920, Captain

WORLD WAR ONE, DAILY MIRROR NEWS STORIES, 1914-1916

  • MISC5
  • Collection
  • 1914-1916

The collection is 26 copies of the Daily Mirror newspaper, 29 Jul-11 Jun 1916. Included in the newspapers are photographs and articles concerning World War One, most notably the Austro-Hungarian declaration of war on Serbia, 28 Jul 1914; the mobilisation of Russian troops, 1 Aug 1914; Britain's declaration of war on Germany, 4 Aug 1914; the Battle of Liege, Aug 1914; the French seizure of Alsace, Aug 1914; the French invasion of Lorraine, Aug 1914; the landing of the British Expeditionary Force (BEF) in France, Aug, 1914; the German capture of Louvain, Aug 1914; the drowning of FM Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 1st Viscount Kitchener of Khartoum and Broome, Jun 1916; and the defeat of Austrian Slav troops in Romania by Russian troops, Jun 1916

GERMAN WORLD WAR ONE PROPAGANDA LEAFLETS

  • MISC30
  • Collection
  • 1915-1918

German socialist propaganda leaflet Die Feldpost, including articles relating to rising commodity and food prices in Germany and the necessity of German troops in the Balkans, Dec 1915; edition of German newspaper for German prisoners of war in France, Grüsse an die Heimat, May 1917; Central Powers propaganda leaflet, in English, calling for a cessation of hostilities, 1917; four Allied leaflets bearing photographs of HM Albert, King of Belgium and HM Elisabeth, Queen of Belgium, 1918.

COLLINS, Gp Capt Arthur Edgar Gerald (1891-1979)

  • COLLINS
  • Collection
  • 1917-1918

Thirty two British and French printed maps of France, Belgium, Germany and the UK, various scales, 1911-1918, including annotated trench maps of operations and advances during the Battles of Cambrai, 1917, Bellecourt, 1917, and Fourth Battle of Arras, 1918, with newspaper cuttings of the Western Front, 1918 and aerial photograph of Solesmes, France, annotated with position of 461 Field Company Royal Engineers, 19-20 Oct 1918, also painted unit insignia of 62 (2 West Riding) Div, Royal Engineers [1918].

Collins, Arthur Edgar Gerald, 1891-1979, Group Captain

RUHLEBEN INTERNMENT CAMP MAGAZINES, WORLD WAR ONE

  • MISC82
  • Collection
  • 1919

Bound issues of In Ruhleben Camp , the Ruhleben camp magazine, June 1915 - June 1917; with two issues of La Vie Française de Ruhleben , April 1916 and July 1916. Also The History of Ruhleben: A Record of British Organisation in a Prison Camp in Germany , Joseph Powell (Captain of the Camp) and Francis Gribble (W. Collins, London, 1919).

HISCOCKS, Charles Richard (1907-1998)

  • HISCOCKS
  • Collection
  • 1928

Publications, (chiefly pamphlets) acquired by Charles Richard Hiscocks on international organisations, 1946-1983; comprising publications by and about the United Nations, 1946-1983 (19 items); the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO), 1952-1981, (7 items); the International Labour Office (ILO), 1955-1971 (14 items); the International Development Association (1972-1982 (3 items); Africa, 1956-1970 (3 items); Austria, 1950 (1 item); Europe, 1964 (1 item); the Far East, 1928-1957 (2 items); Germany, 1949-1960 (6 items); the Middle East, 1951-1957 (3 items); general publications, 1946-1980 (5 items) .

Hiscocks, Charles Richard, 1907-1998, Professor

WELLS, Wg Cdr Maurice Clunes (1912-1992)

  • WELLS
  • Collection
  • [1931-1932]

Copies of extracts from 'Wells, a family history', produced by Tessa J Harfield, 1988, principally comprising a brief account of the life and RAF career of Sidney McLeod Wells (Wg Cdr Maurice Clunes Wells' brother), 1906-1941, written by Harfield in 1988; transcription of Brig (then Lt) Brian Gordon Wells' account of a big game hunt in Northern Rhodesia, 1931, written in [1931-1932], with his record of service, 1923-1955, dated 1955; transcription of 'My career in the RAF, 1935-1950' written by Wg Cdr Maurice Clunes Wells, written in [1980-1985]. Original manuscript of 'My career in the RAF, 1935-1950'. Photographs relating to Wg Cdr Maurice Clunes Wells' army career, dated [1940-1945] and [1980-1988], notably his internment as a POW, [1940-1945].

Wells, Maurice Clunes, 1912-1992, Wing Commander

WALKER, Brig Richard Hearn (1914-1982)

  • WALKER
  • Collection
  • 1940

Copies of papers, 1940-1982, including narrative manuscript diary covering service with 3 Div Royal Engineers, Belgium and France, May-Jun 1940, with printed map entitled Lille-Ghent, North West Europe, sheet No 2, scale 1: 250, 000 (GSGS 4042, War Office, 1938); narrative manuscript diary covering service with 51 Highland Div Royal Engineers, North West Europe, Oct 1944 and Feb-May 1945, with typescript nominal roll of officers, list of casualties between Jun 1944 and May 1945, and typescript programme for the 51 Highland Div victory parade, Bremerhaven, Germany, May 1945; five printed maps of North West Europe entitled 'Brussels and Liege', 'Walcheren and Amsterdam', 'Osnabruck', 'Hamburg', 'Hannover' (no publication details or scale), with printed map of the Rhine entitled 'Outline of 51(H) Div RE plan, Operation PLUNDER', annotated with dispositions of Royal Engineers units for the Rhine crossing, 1945; correspondence with Maj Karol John Drewienkiewicz, 25 Field Sqn Royal Engineers, 1982, concerning operations of 3 Div Royal Engineers (May 1940); typescript text of lecture, given at Antwerp, 1982, on operations to clear the Scheldt Estuary, 1944.

Walker, Richard Hearn, 1914-1982, Brigadier

BINNEY, Adm Sir Hugh (1883-1953)

  • BINNEY
  • Collection
  • 1942

Printed 'Report of the Board of Enquiry appointed to enquire into the circumstances in which the German Battle Cruisers (SCHARNHORST and GNEISENAU) and Prinz Eugen proceeded from Brest to Germany on 12th February, 1942, and on the operations undertaken to prevent this movement', Mar 1942, relating to Operation CERBERUS or the 'Channel dash', with typescript covering letter from Binney to AF Sir (Alfred) Dudley (Pickman Rogers) Pound, Mar 1942.

Binney, Sir Thomas Hugh, 1883-1953, Knight, Admiral

HALDER, GENERALOBERST FRANZ: JOURNAL, 1938-1942

  • MF321-MF322
  • Collection
  • 1939-1942

The Private War Journal of Generaloberst Franz Halder, Chief of the General Staff of the Supreme Command of the German Army, 1939- 1942 is a microfilmed copy of the desk journal of Generaloberst Franz Halder. In 1938, Generaloberst [Col Gen] Franz Halder took office as Chief of the General Staff of the German Army, Oberkommando des Heeres (OKH), openly declaring himself opposed to the Nazi leadership of the German Armed Forces. By 1939, however, Hitler had begun to direct much of the operational decision making of the OKH. Although Halder would continue to voice opposition to the more impractical military directives, he nonetheless complied with the strategic demands proposed by Hitler and the Oberkommando der Wehrmacht (OKW), the Supreme Command of the German Armed Forces. From 1938-1942, Halder's duties were confined to operational decision making and desk planning, analysing reports sent to him by his subordinates and conferring with officers of the Oberkommando des Heeres (OKH), the Supreme Command of the German Army, over administrative, operational, and logistical matters. Halder's short-hand notes and daily entries in his Kriegstagebücher summarised each day's work and acted as an aide mémoire to events, 1938-1942. The journal reflects the detail, routine, and bureaucracy encountered by Halder and his staff, as well as the decision making process between Halder, the General Staff, and Adolf Hitler. Kept by Halder personally, the journal should not be confused with the official War Diaries kept by the Supreme Command of the German Army. Intended to serve as a notebook, the diary does not furnish a complete record of all activities, 1939-1942; rather it reflects the German High Command decision making structure as well as the character of many German senior officers, including FM (Karl Rudolf) Gerd von Runstedt, FM Erich von Manstein, and Col Gen Heinz Guderian. After the war, the journal was introduced by the Prosecution as a documentary exhibit in the record of the case entitled the United States of America vs Wilhelm von Leeb et al, brought before Military Tribunal V (FM Wilhelm Ritter von Leeb, Commander Army Group North, was tried for minor war crimes in 1948). The journal was subsequently translated and reduced to typewritten form from the original notes under the guidance of Phillip Willner, Chief of the Reporting Branch (German) of the Office of Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, Office of the Military Government for Germany. It was then reviewed with Halder for continuity and published soon thereafter.

Halder, Franz, 1884-1972, German General

GERMAN PHRASE BOOK, US ARMY, 1943

  • MISC50
  • Collection
  • 1943

German phrase book issued by the US War Department, 1943, for US military personnel lost or taken prisoner behind the front lines during World War Two

HAMSON, Professor Charles John Joseph (1905-1987)

  • HAMSON
  • Collection
  • 1941-1945

Liber in vinculis or the Mock Turtle's adventure , a meditation on his life and career, with particular reference to the Battle of Crete, 1941, written as a POW in Germany, 1941-1945, and including a short essay on the Battle of Crete, 1941, by Dr Mark Mazower, privately published by Trinity College, Cambridge in 1989.

Hamson, Charles John Joseph, 1905-1987, Professor of Comparative Law

WAR CABINET MINUTES (HMSO), 1939-1945

  • MFF1
  • Collection
  • 1939-1945

War Cabinet Minutes (HMSO), 1939-1945 is a themed microfiche collection containing copies of the minutes of the War Cabinet Meetings, Sep 1939-Jul 1945, and Cabinet Conclusions and Confidential Annexes, 1941-1945. Meeting minutes include British plans to create discord amongst the German High Command, Nov 1939; criticism of the military campaign in Norway, May 1940; First Lord of the Admiralty Winston (Leonard Spencer) Churchill's criticism of the Allied propaganda campaign in France, May 1940; speculation on the ability of the German population to sustain prolonged war, May 1940; reaction to the Allied withdrawals in France and Belgium, May 1940; the debate over the possible compromise peace with Germany, 26-28 May 1940; the decision to intern all enemy aliens in the United Kingdom; May 1940; Churchill's reaction to American isolationism, May 1940; the seizing of French warships in British and Egyptian harbours and the sinking of French warships at Mers-el-Kebir, Egypt, 23 Jun 1940; straining Anglo-French relations, Jul 1940; the Anglo-American 'destroyers for bases' agreement, Aug 1940; Churchill's attempt to take to court the Sunday Pictorial and the Daily Mirror over the newspapers' alleged anti-Government editorials, Oct 1940; preparations for the possible German invasion of the Britain, 1940; civil defence precautions in Britain, 1940; the British intervention in Greece, 1941; speculation on Soviet military collapses following the invasion of the Soviet Union by German armed forces, Jun 1941; Churchill's appeals to US President Franklin Delano Roosevelt for American intervention in the war, 1941; reaction over the fall of Singapore and Malaya to Japanese armed forces, Feb 1942; Anglo-American preparations for the invasion of North Africa, 1942; naval and air operations against France, 1943; the 'Beveridge Report' on social security in Britain, 1943; reports on Allied conferences at Casablanca, Jan 1943, and Washington, May 1943; the Allied decision to invade France made at the QUADRANT Conference, Quebec, Canada, Aug 1943; the planning and conduct of Operation OVERLORD, the Allied invasion of France, Jun 1944; the effect of the bombardment of London by German V1 pilotless aircraft and possible RAF reprisals against German civilian targets, Jun 1944; post-war reconstruction and rehabilitation in Europe, Jul 1944; plans for the Allied occupation of Germany and Austria, Nov 1944; British intervention in Greece in order to prevent a Communist take-over of the peninsula, Nov 1944; the establishment of the United Nations, 1945; arrangements for celebrating the end of the war in Europe, May 1945; the British General Election, Jul 1945.

US OFFICE OF STRATEGIC SERVICES OPERATIONS IN WESTERN EUROPE, 1942-1945

  • MF204-MF211
  • Collection
  • 1942-1945

OSS/London: Special Operations Branch and Secret Intelligence Branch War Diaries is a themed microfilm collection relating to US Office of Strategic Services (OSS)intelligence analyses and special operations in Western Europe, Jun 1942-Jun 1945. The collection includes Special Operations Branch organisation charts and directives, orders and summaries, Jun 1942-Jul 1944; Special Operations (SO) Branch and OSS training schedules; papers relating to Special Operations Branch liaison with Scandinavian Special Operations Executive (SOE) Section; reports on military and strategic objectives relating to Operation OVERLORD, the Allied invasion of France, Jan-Sep 1944; estimates of Special Operations personnel strength, Apr-Jun 1944; reports on resistance movements in Norway, Denmark, and Poland; summaries of Secret Intelligence Branch Operations, Apr-Sep 1944; list of decorations, commendations, and payments to families of the Special Operations and Secret Intelligence Branch casualties; biographies of Secret Intelligence personnel; reports from Secret Intelligence Branch operations in the Netherlands, France, Poland, Czechoslovakia; Germany; Secret Intelligence Branch liaison with the OSS; photographs of American and British Special Operations Branch officers; photographs of Maquis, French resistance, operatives; report from the Special Mission on German Methods of Demolition and Sabotage, Sep-Dec 1944; reports on Polish resistance fighters in France, 1944; lists of code names and code words used by the Special Operations Branch; reports from military, demolition, intelligence gathering, and espionage missions in Western Europe, 1944; after action summaries from the OSS Reports and Registry Division, London, and the OSS Reports Board, Paris, France, 1 Jan-15 Jun 1945.

GRIFFITH, Lt Col Samuel (1905-1985)

  • GRIFFITH
  • Collection
  • [1939-1945]

Papers relating to his military service during World War Two, dated [1939-1945], 1948, 1965-1966, notably including account of the service of 1 Welch Regt in Crete, May 1941, written in 1966; silk map of North Africa and the southern Mediterranean, [1939-1945]; account of his imprisonment in Salonika in 1941 and his subsequent transportation to Germany, [1945]; typescript copy of 'Per anum ad astra', an account by Alexis Casdigli of the smuggling of maps from Oflag IX A-H to Oflag XII B in 1944 by a group of POWs, including Casdigli and Griffith, written in 1948, copied in 1965.

Griffith, Samuel, 1905-1985, Lieutenant Colonel

RIDLEY, Col Dan Dunglinson (1916-2006)

  • RIDLEY, DD
  • Collection
  • 1945

Copies of papers relating to service of Colonel Dan Dunglinson Ridley, Berlin, Germany, 1945-46. Diary kept during work with American military government detachment in Remschied, Germany, assessing local infrastructure, May 1945. Account, written after his retirement, 1970, of his work for the Military Government of the Greater Berlin Area (MGGBA) administrating the Wilmersdorf District, British Sector, Berlin, Germany, under Lieutenant Colonel "Fritz" Norman (Dudley Stewart Norman, East Yorkshire Regiment), describing problems of liaison with occupying Russian forces and assessing former civilian members of Nazi party before allocating jobs; and account of work in Military Government Headquarters, Charlottenburg District, British Sector, under command of Brigadier "Loony" Hinde (Sir William Robert Norris Hinde); dealing with running of the city and describing social conditions for civilian population. Also original pass issued by Russian Army to allow free passage in Wilmersdorf District, Berlin, Germany.

Ridley, Dan Dunglinson, 1916-2006, Colonel

HAHN, Prof Dr Otto (1879-1968)

  • HAHN
  • Collection
  • 1945

Typescript text in German entitled 'Beziehungen zu Nichtariern' ('Relationships with non-Aryans'), dated Jul 1945, relating to the treatment of Otto Hahn's Jewish friends and colleagues in Germany, 1933-1945. Also a copy of his biography, Mein Leben (Bruckmann, Munich, Germany, 1968).

Hahn, Otto, 1879-1968, chemist

GRACIE, Lt Col Archibald Leslie (1896-1982)

  • GRACIE
  • Collection
  • 1917-1945

Typescript account, 'The Second Battalion in the battle of the 100 days in 1918'; letters home, Western Front, 1917-1918; four manuscript signal messages relating to an attack by 1 Div, Western Front, 17-19 Oct 1918; photograph album, 1918-1922, including captioned photographs of individuals, Western Front and Germany, 1918-1919; letters home from British Army on the Rhine, 1919-1920; edition of The story of the Fourth Army in the Battles of the Hundred Days, August 8th to November 11th, 1918 (Hodder and Stoughton, London, 1920) by Maj Gen Sir Archibald Armar Montgomery (known as Montgomery-Massingberd from 1926), General Staff, 4 Army, with volume of related published maps and panoramic photographs. Papers relating to Gracie's service in World War Two,1939-1945, including manuscript notes on postings and pay details, 1942-1945; letters relating to the award of the OBE, and promotion to the rank of honorary Lt Col, 1945.

Gracie, Archibald Leslie, 1896-1982, Lieutenant Colonel

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