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GREEN, Brig Henry James Lindsay (1911-1986)

  • GREEN
  • Collection
  • 1935-1975

Papers, 1935-1975, of Brig Henry James Lindsay Green, including photographs, among them the Coldstream Guards, 1935, aerial photographs of Cassino, Italy, before and after assault, 1943-1944, Coldstream Guards at Impruneta, Italy, 1944, King George VI, Rt Hon Winston (Leonard Spencer) Churchill and FM Alan Francis Brooke, 1st Viscount Alanbrooke, 1943-1946 and undated, Alanbrooke's visit to Czechoslovakia, 1946, and Victory March, London, including Alanbrooke, 1946; Green's diaries, 1939, 1943-1945, relating to service in France, North Africa and Italy and containing brief narrative entries daily; War Diary, Anti-Tank Company, 7 Guards Bde, France, Apr-May 1940; notes on 21 Army Group, 1944; 24 Guards Bridge Operations, Italy, 1945; analysis of British Army of the Rhine morale in battle, 1946; flying log book, Malaya, 1958-1961, and brief account, 1973, of 1 Federal Infantry Bde, Malaya, 1959-1961; two photograph albums and loose photographs of Malaya, 1959-1960.

Green, Henry James Lindsay, 1911-1986, Brigadier

LUND, Lt Gen Sir Otto Marling (1891-1956)

  • LUND
  • Collection
  • 1914-1920

Bound ts diary of his service chiefly on the Western Front with the Royal Horse Artillery and Royal Field Artillery, 4 Aug 1914 – 25 Apr 1919.

Bound volume of items relating to his service as ADC to Gen Lord Rawlinson, Commander-in-Chief, British Military Mission to North Russia, Aug-Oct 1919, including: ts diary, 30 Jul – 14 Oct 1919; pasted-in samples of Russian banknotes and stamps; captioned photographs including Rawlinson, Col (William) Edmund Ironside and other British officers, Russian troops, Bolshevik prisoners, refugees, and views of the railway at Archangel and of the River Dvina (Severnaya Dvina).

Also loose items, including: US War Office printed briefing notes on North Russia, 1918; a War Office printed report, ‘Appreciation of the internal situation in Russia, April 1919’; a propaganda leaflet in English signed V Bourtzeff (Vladimir Burtsev), imploring Allied troops to aid Russia, Sep 1919; a nominal roll of officers in the British Mission to North Russia; ts notes, ‘Operations of the naval flotilla on the Dvina river, 1919’; ts text of a despatch by Rawlinson on Allied operations in North Russia, Aug-Oct 1919; sketch maps of Archangel; printed maps of Russia, some detailing Allied and Bolshevik positions, 1919; a printed report, ‘The evacuation of North Russia, 1919’ (HMSO, 1920).

Notes and papers relating to his military career, 1939-1940, written in [1939-1940], principally comprising: 'A record of visits to France and Belgium in May and June 1940 as DDMO', dated [1940]; written accounts of his work as Deputy Director of Military Operations, 1939, and his role in the British Military Mission to Turkey, May- Jun 1939, dated [1939-1940]; drafts of these three texts, heavily annotated by Daisy Allenby, wife of 2nd Viscount Allenby of Megiddo and of Felixstowe (then Mrs Daisy Neame), 1939-1940. Also: notes of anecdotes concerning Adolf Hitler, written by Lady Allenby in [1939-1940]; correspondence and papers concerning Sir Winston Churchill's 80th Birthday Presentation Fund, 1954, notably an account [by Lady Allenby] of a meeting with Churchill and his family on 29 Nov 1954, dated 1954.

Lund, Sir Otto Marling, 1891-1956, Knight, Lieutenant General

MCCREERY, Gen Sir Richard Loudon (1898-1967)

  • MCCREERY
  • Collection
  • 1928-1960

Papers of Gen Sir Richard McCreery, 1928-1960; including notes relating to Staff College, 1928-1929; edition of The Cologne Post and Wiesbaden Times, 3 Nov 1929, relating to the final evacuation of British Forces from the Rhine; map of Aisne battlefield, 1914; notes relating to 12 Royal Lancers training exercises, chiefly on Salisbury Plain, 1937-1938; detailed narrative of 2 Armoured Brigade operations, France, May-Jun 1940, with brief diary of events, and official photograph with original caption, 'A conference at HQ during operations on the Somme Front'; map for 5 Corps training exercise, Salisbury Plain, Dec 1940; official correspondence as Commander, 8 Armoured Div, Home Forces, Dec 1940-Oct 1941, discussing topics including unit inspections, accommodation, recruitment and appointments; report on 'The supply of mobile forces by air', c 1942, regarding supply in the Western Desert; letter from Maj Gen Gerald Templer, Cdr 56 Div, Italy, 18 Mar 1944, commenting on recent operations; messages to all ranks as Commander, 8 Army, Italy, 12 October 1944-26 April 1945; pamphlet, Royal Canadian Armoured Corps, 1945, relating to the development of the Corps, 1940-1945; notes on the Tunisian campaign and notebook containing brief notes on operations in Italy and Austria, 1944-1946, possibly compiled retrospectively as lecture notes; detailed itinerary for British Troops in Austria battlefield tour of Italy, 5-11 May 1946; letter from V Adm Louis Mountbatten, South East Asia Command HQ, 8 Aug 1946, asking for any available polo ponies to be sold to the Malta Polo Club; booklet sent as Christmas card, 1946, with illustrations of Russian Army personnel; publications British Army of the Rhine battlefield tour: first day. 8 Corps operations east of Caen, 18-21 July 1944 (Operation GOODWOOD) (BAOR, Jun 1947) and British Army of the Rhine battlefield tour: fourth day. 43 (W) Division assault crossing of the River Seine, 25-28 August 1944 (BAOR, Jun 1947); brief notes relating to British Army of the Rhine organisation and administration, [1947]; letter from Geoffrey Fisher, Archbishop of Canterbury, 16 Dec 1947, relating a recent conversation with Emmanuel Shinwell, Minister of Defence, concerning the role of Christian teaching in Army education, particularly with regard to National Servicemen in Germany; routine official correspondence as Colonel Commandant, Royal Armoured Corps, 1947-1957; memorandum from FM Sir Bernard Law Montgomery as Chief of Imperial General Staff, 29 May 1948, relating to deployment of tanks by Royal Armoured Corps; notes on 'The Reserve Army, 1946-1949', by Brooke Claxton, Minister of National Defence, 1949; letter from Lynch Maydon, the Conservative MP for Wells, 7 Nov 1956, responding to the latter's criticism of the invasion of the Suez Canal Zone; correspondence, May-June 1957, relating to proposed mergers of army regiments; papers, chiefly training notes, relating to the Royal Armoured Corps, 1960.

McCreery, Sir Richard Loudon, 1898-1967, General

MILLINGEN, Professor Alexander Van (1840-1915)

  • K/PP139
  • Collection
  • c1870s-c1900s

Papers of Alexander Van Millingen on history, architecture and archaeology, c1870s-c1900s (mostly undated), relating mainly to Constantinople and Byzantium but also to Biblical history, Greek and Roman history, history of philosophy and religion, early church history, and history of art, and including manuscript notes (some in notebooks), manuscript and typescript drafts, news cuttings, sketches, transcriptions and rubbings of inscriptions, and a few items of personal material, notably financial accounts and address books; photographs (some labelled as unpublished), plate proofs and sketches of buildings and monuments, and reproductions of inscriptions, including the walls of Constantinople and churches including Saint Eirene, Theodore, Theodosia, Sergios and Bacchos, Peter and Mark, Andrew in Krisis, Ioannes in Troullos, Christos in Chora, and Pantokrator (some items are endorsed with notes); photograph album of people and places in France, Germany, Italy, Austria, England, Montenegro, India, Tunis and Malta, 1889-1895 (where dated); plans of buildings, comprising the Egyptian obelisk in the Hippodrome, Constantinople, and the churches Saint Mary Mouchliotissa, Thekla, Mary Panachrantos, Peter and Mark, Mary Diaconissa, Theodosia, Saviour Pantepoptes, Theodore Thetiro, Mary Pammakaristos, John the Baptist of the Studion, the Church of the Myrelaion, the Monastir Mesjedi, the Refectory of the Monastery of Manuel, the Bogdan Serai, the Sanjakdar Mesjedi, and the Balaban Aga Mesjedi.

Millingen, Alexander, Van, 1840-1915, Professor of History

O'REGAN, Capt Patrick Valentine William Rowan (1920-1961)

  • O'REGAN
  • Collection
  • 1940-1981

Papers mainly relating to the war service of Patrick O'Regan in France and northern Italy, especially with the Special Operations Executive (SOE), 1940-1981; including papers on SOE operations in Italy with details of partisan staff, operations, equipment, enemy strength, propaganda, personal correspondence with partisans and SOE members, photographs of street fighting, mountain warfare, groups of British and Italian soldiers, victory parades, funerals, operational maps of northern Italy and south-eastern France published and produced by Michelin and the War Office, memorabilia and printed guides to Italy and the German Army, including false identity papers, 1944-1945; papers on the service of O'Regan in France and northern Italy, 1943-1945; manuscript, typescript and copy correspondence between O'Regan and his mother and others including his wife and brother, mainly relating to his service with the 186 Field Ambulance Service, Intelligence Corps and from Ceylon, preparations for a parachute drop into France, the Political Warfare Executive, training in Algiers, account by O'Regan of his experiences with partisans near Turin and other parts of northern Italy, O'Regan's post-war political views, letters to Italian partisans in the aftermath of World War Two, application to Foreign service, 1940-1952; proceedings of a conference in Bologna relating to No 1 Special force and the Italian Resistance during World War Two, 2 vols, 1981; obituaries, 1961.

O'Regan, Patrick Valentine William Rowan, 1920-1961

PRESTAGE, Professor Edgar (1869-1951)

  • K/PP74
  • Collection
  • 1881-1949

Papers of Edgar Prestage, 1881-1949, largely relating to his work on the history of Portugal, 16th-19th centuries. Letters to Prestage from various correspondents, 1886-1948 and undated, relate to a variety of subjects pertaining to his work, publications and translations, sources and interpretation, and also to acquaintances and contemporaries, other publications, and some personal matters such as correspondents' health and families, and include six letters from Fortunato de Almeida, 1917-1933 and undated; 24 letters from Joao Lucio de Azevedo, 1914-1933 and undated; 13 letters from Pedro Augusto de S Bartolomeu de Azevedo, 1910-1927 and undated; six letters from Henrique de Gama Barros, 1908-1925; five letters from Carlos Roma du Bocage, 1915-1918; three letters from Sir Richard Francis Burton, 1888-1889, and 12 letters from Lady Isabel Burton, 1894-1896, relating to Sir Richard's translation of Camoens; 22 letters from Julio de Castilho, 1908-1918; nine letters from Harold Castle, 1903-1906; six letters from Fidelino de Figueiredo, 1911-1918 and undated; eight letters from James Fitzmaurice-Kelly, 1905-1919; five letters from Anselmo Braamcamp Freire, 1905-1919; two letters from Pieter Geyl, 1923, 1926; letter from William Ewart Gladstone, 1893, congratulating Prestage on Letters of a Portuguese nun ; ten letters from Edward Heawood, 1922-1933; letter from Benjamin Jowett, 1887, explaining entrance examinations at Oxford; five letters from Margery Lane, 1927 and undated; six letters from Manuel de Oliveira Lima, 1910-1927; two letters, 1928, 1932, from Manuel II, King of Portugal, concerning the monarch's bibliography of early Portuguese books; eight letters from Jacinto Octavio Picon, 1911-1920; seven letters from Jacinto Inacio de Brito Rebelo, 1895-1908; eight letters from Jaime Batalha Reis, 1894-1896, 1904-1905, 1922; 12 letters from Francisco Rodrigues, 1913-1918, 1930 and undated; two letters from John Ruskin, 1886 and undated, on the study of architecture; seven letters from Antonio Maria Jose de Melo Cesar e Meneses, 5th Conde de Sabugosa, 1905-1913; five letters from Luis Teixeira de Sampayo, 1921-1928; letter from Herbert Louis Samuel, 1st Viscount Samuel, 1905, congratulating Prestage on Eca de Queiroz's The sweet miracle ; five letters from Georg Schurhammer, 1930-1936; five letters from Wilhelm Storck, 1894-1895; five letters from Herbert Thurston, 1905-1913; ten letters from Pedro Tovar de Lemos, 2nd Conde de Tovar, 1916-1927 and undated; 13 letters from Carolina Michaelis de Vasconcellos, 1895-1896, 1907-1922, and 11 letters from her husband, Joaquim de Vasconcellos, 1897, 1908-1925; six letters from Afonso Lopes Vieira, 1910, 1914, 1927 and undated; five letters from Tomas Maria de Almeida Manuel de Vilhena, 8th Conde de Vila Flor, 1925-1929 and undated; letter from Oscar O'Flahertie Wills Wilde, [1892], regretting he cannot send a copy of his unnamed play (perhaps Lady Windermere's Fan ) as it has not yet been published. There is also a letter of 1881 from Antonio Candido Goncalves Crespo to Maria Amalia Vaz de Carvalho (father and mother of Prestage's wife). Ephemera includes signatures of Gomes Eannes Azurara, William Wordsworth, [? Isaac] Disraeli and Samuel Wilberforce; Christmas cards; the visiting card of S T P Kruger, President of the Transvaal Republic, 1903; menus, including the House of Commons Coronation luncheon in Westminster Hall, 1902; a ticket to the coronation of Edward VII, 1902; and an invitation to a party at Windsor Castle, 1912. Otherwise the collection comprises research notes and transcriptions on various subjects and sources, including Restoration period Portugal; Sousa Coutinho; Portuguese in Africa, Brazil and Asia; the War of the Spanish Succession; 17th century Portuguese history, including diplomacy; the sermons of Father Antonio Vieira SJ; Portuguese bibliographies prepared by Prestage; annotated typescripts on the Portuguese in Abyssinia down to 1543, aspects and results of Portuguese colonisation, and Portuguese reminiscences (1948); Prestage's 'The Mode of Government in Portugal during the Restoration Period'; photographs of Portuguese fortresses in Morocco; notebook on 'Analyse das "Cartas Familiares" '; copies of letters of F de Sousa, including his embassies to France and Rome; copies of letters of Sir R Southwell, English ambassador to Lisbon; material relating to relations between Spain and Portugal; pamphlets and articles of Prestage; proofs for a chapter entitled 'L'Intevention Anglaise dans la Peninsule Iberique', in an envelope addressed to Prestage and labelled 'D Fernando & the Holy See by E Perroy'.

Prestage, Edgar, 1869-1951, Professor of Portuguese, historian

STUART, Maj Gen Sir Andrew Mitchell (1861-1936)

  • STUART
  • Collection
  • [1885]-1887

Papers relating to his life and career, 1884-1919, dated [1885]-1887, [1902]-1903, 1914-1919, 1932-1935, principally comprising letters to his family describing his service with No 4 Section Telegraph Bn, Royal Engineers, Sudan, 1885-1887; diary, May-Jun [1885], including details of inspections of telegraph line between Halfa and Aswan; note on maintenance and operation of telegraph lines, Sudan and Egypt, 1884-1887, dated [1934-1935]; 'Reminiscences of the Nile Expedition, 1884-1885 and after', typescript text by Col A H Bagnold, 1935; appointment diaries and notebooks kept by Stuart as Director of Works, British Armies in France, 1914-1919; 'Some private recollections of a base wallah, 1914-1919', bound carbon copy of typescript by Col C[harles] L[ouis] Spencer, 1933, describing his service in Lines of Communication bases in Northern France, 1914-1919.

Stuart, Sir Andrew Mitchell, 1861-1936, Major General

COLD WAR, THE: television documentary archive

  • COLD WAR
  • Collection
  • 1995-1998

The Cold War television documentary archive consists of transcripts of 531 interviews concerning events of the Cold War - the political, ideological tension between the United States and the United Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR), 1946-1989, following the end of World War Two, which while falling short of actual war between these two nations, was evident in their foreign and defence policies, and those of their allies.

Interviews were conducted with eyewitnesses from the US, USSR, Germany, Poland, Britain, Czechoslovakia, Italy, France, Greece, Latvia, Lithuania, Hungary, Spain, Vietnam, Korea, China, Israel Egypt, South Africa, Angola, Cuba, Chile, Guatemala, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Afghanistan and Pakistan, and including politicians, policy makers and advisors, diplomats, journalists, academics, members of armed forces, dissidents, peasants, factory workers and civilians.

Events described include the Berlin blockade, 1948-1949, the Berlin Crisis, 1961, the Cuban Missile Crisis, Oct 1962, the Vietnam War, 1965-1975, the Korean War, 1950-1953, the Hungarian uprising, 1956, the Prague Spring, 1968, the nuclear arms race, 1945-1991, and Chinese communism, 1949-1972.

The collections also contains transcripts of a series of seminars on the Cold War, Oct 1995, as well as an incomplete series of files relating to individual episodes of the documentary series including annotated extracts of interview transcripts and other production information. (Transcripts in this section of the collection are mainly duplicates, however there are a small number which are not found in the main transcript series).

Jeremy Isaacs Productions

LAYCOCK, Maj Gen Sir Robert Edward (1907-1968)

  • LAYCOCK
  • Collection
  • 1923-1968

Personal and military papers of Major General Sir Robert Edward Laycock, 1923-1968, chiefly relating to service with Special Service Brigade and as Chief of Combined Operations, 1940-1946. Includes papers on volunteering for Special Service Brigade, including completed application forms for volunteer Commando officers, 1940. Papers on Special Service Brigade training 1940-1941, including gas, bayonet and signalling training. Memoranda, reports, instructions and other papers, 1940-1942, relating to LAYFORCE (commanded by Laycock in the Middle East), including papers on the Folbot Section (later to become Special Boat Service). Papers on Special Service Brigade, [1941-1946], including memoranda, reports, minutes, papers on their reorganisation, disbandment and the future of Combined Operations, also including papers belonging to Lord George Jellicoe relating to Special Service Brigade in the Middle East; reports and other papers on Special Service Brigade operations, notably Operation TORCH, (the invasion of North West Africa, Nov 1942) and Operation HUSKY, (the invasion of Sicily, Jun 1943). Laycock's official and personal correspondence,1923-1968, chiefly relating to Special Service Brigade. Lectures and speeches to and on Special Service Brigade, chiefly by Laycock. Draft publications, scripts and press cuttings relating to Laycock and Special Service Brigade. Memoirs and accounts of Commando action, including parts of Robert Edward Laycock's memoirs and memoirs of members of 'G' Troop, 7 Commando. Papers on Laycock standing as Conservative parliamentary candidate for Bassetlaw in the 1945 general collection and on his refusal to stand for the 1947 bye-election. Papers relating to Laycock's time as Governor and Commander-in-Chief of Malta. Poems by Laycock.

Laycock, Sir Robert Edward, 1907-1968, Knight, Major General

NEWMAN, Colonel Sir Stuart (1919-2002)

  • NEWMAN, SR
  • Collection
  • 1939-1994

Papers of Colonel Sir Stuart (Richard) Newman, 1916-1994, including call up and telegram, Aug 1939; letters home, [1940-1945]; two portrait photographs, [1940] and [1944]; photograph album, 1941-1942; letter to Newman, Mar 1948, from three former Luxembourg cadets, requesting confirmation of their Officer Cadet Training Unit training under Newman, 1945-1946; White Paper, 'Re-organisation of the army reserves' (HMSO, Dec 1965), and related press statement, Dec 1965, by the Council of Territorial and Auxiliary Forces Associations; correspondence, Mar 1993 - Mar 1994, relating to the future of the Territorial Army; photograph album of Newman's father, Capt Thomas Pacey Newman, 1916-[1924], and photocopy letter from Mrs Newman (wife of Thomas, mother of Stuart), to her son Roland, 9 Jun 1944, with eye witness description of planes and gliders leaving for France, evening of 6 Jun, with transcript.

Newman, Sir Stuart Richard, 1919-2002, Knight, Colonel

NORTON, Edward Felix (1884-1954)

  • NORTON
  • Collection
  • 1909-1912

Copies of photographs relating to his service with the Royal Artillery in India, 1909-1912, and in France and Belgium, 1914-1919; photographs and press cuttings relating to Norton's service as Acting Governor, Hong Kong, 1940-1941.

Norton, Edward Felix, 1884-1954, Lieutenant General

US OFFICE OF STRATEGIC SERVICES OPERATIONS IN WESTERN EUROPE, 1942-1945

  • MF204-MF211
  • Collection
  • 1942-1945

OSS/London: Special Operations Branch and Secret Intelligence Branch War Diaries is a themed microfilm collection relating to US Office of Strategic Services (OSS)intelligence analyses and special operations in Western Europe, Jun 1942-Jun 1945. The collection includes Special Operations Branch organisation charts and directives, orders and summaries, Jun 1942-Jul 1944; Special Operations (SO) Branch and OSS training schedules; papers relating to Special Operations Branch liaison with Scandinavian Special Operations Executive (SOE) Section; reports on military and strategic objectives relating to Operation OVERLORD, the Allied invasion of France, Jan-Sep 1944; estimates of Special Operations personnel strength, Apr-Jun 1944; reports on resistance movements in Norway, Denmark, and Poland; summaries of Secret Intelligence Branch Operations, Apr-Sep 1944; list of decorations, commendations, and payments to families of the Special Operations and Secret Intelligence Branch casualties; biographies of Secret Intelligence personnel; reports from Secret Intelligence Branch operations in the Netherlands, France, Poland, Czechoslovakia; Germany; Secret Intelligence Branch liaison with the OSS; photographs of American and British Special Operations Branch officers; photographs of Maquis, French resistance, operatives; report from the Special Mission on German Methods of Demolition and Sabotage, Sep-Dec 1944; reports on Polish resistance fighters in France, 1944; lists of code names and code words used by the Special Operations Branch; reports from military, demolition, intelligence gathering, and espionage missions in Western Europe, 1944; after action summaries from the OSS Reports and Registry Division, London, and the OSS Reports Board, Paris, France, 1 Jan-15 Jun 1945.

TONG, Col Robert Percy (1911-1994)

  • TONG
  • Collection
  • 1940

Papers relating to his military career, 1940, 1943-1944, principally comprising unsigned draft report on Operation DRAGOON, Allied landings in the South of France, 1944; manuscript and typescript reports on training exercises undertaken by Tong and others, Camberley, 1940, written by [Tong and others], 1940.

Tong, Robert Percy, 1911-1994, Colonel

WARDMAN, Gp Capt Reginald Bryson (1911-1985)

  • WARDMAN
  • Collection
  • 1914

One hundred and three photographs relating to Wardman's RAF service, [1932-1944], including eighty three, mostly captioned, aerial photographs of North West Frontier Province, India [1932]-1934; photographs of RAF aircraft including Westland Wapiti Mk IIA, Avro Tutor, Hawker Hector [1932-1939]; three photographs of Wardman in No 3 (Indian) Wing RAF sports teams, Quetta, India, 1934; group photograph with Wardman and RAF pilots '46th Flying Instructors Course, Central Flying School, September-December 1935'; group photograph captioned 'No 612 (County of Aberdeen) (AC) (Army Co-operation) Squadron, Auxiliary Air Force, July 1938'; group photograph captioned '1935 600 City of London Fighter Squadron', group photograph captioned 'Brough [Yorkshire], January 1939', group photograph in front of Bristol Blenheim bomber [1940], Airspeed Horsa upon Salisbury plain [1944], group photograph captioned '296 Sqn Airborne Forces Headquarters', photograph of 296 Sqn badge, group photograph of RAF officers 1944, group photo of RAF Officers with Italian badge captioned 'East Colne 1945', two photographs of Handley Page Halifax bombers from towing gliders on crossing of Rhine March 24 1945, group photo of Norway visit, photo of Halifax taking off captioned ''R' for Mo, Joe' [1945], group photo captioned 'Celebration! promotion to Wg Cdr'. Also small Union flag displayed on the first British truck taken to France, and later used by the French Army, Aug 1914, (the flag originally belonged to a relative of Wardman who worked for Vulcan Motor and Engineering Company, Crossens, Southport, Lancashire).

Wardman, Reginald Bryson, 1911-1985, Group Captain

US AND BRITISH COMBINED CHIEFS OF STAFF CONFERENCES, 1941-1945

  • MF460-MF462
  • Collection
  • 1941-1945

Microfilm collection containing copies of meeting minutes of the major conferences of the Combined Chiefs of Staff, 1941-1945. Meeting minutes include those for the conference held at Washington, DC, codenamed ARCADIA, at which Anglo-American planners first formed a combined strategy for the prosecution of the war, 22 Dec 1941-14 Jan 1942; the conference at Casablanca, Morocco, codenamed SYMBOL, during which the Anglo-American Combined Chiefs of Staff (CCS) first discussed the policies of German unconditional surrender, the Combined Bomber Offensive from Great Britain against Germany and the establishment of the French National Committee for Liberation, 14-24 Jan 1943; the Allied conference held at Washington, DC, codenamed TRIDENT, at which President Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Prime Minister Rt Hon Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill, and the Combined Chiefs of Staff (CCS)discussed the decision to delay the invasion of France until May 1944, the Italian surrender, and the Battle of the Atlantic, 11-25 May 1943; the Allied conference at Quebec City, Canada, codenamed QUADRANT, at which the Allies endorsed a plan for the invasion of the Normandy coast in France, formed a new theatre of war, South-East Asia Command, with Acting Adm Lord Louis (Francis Albert Victor Nicholas) Mountbatten as Supreme Allied Commander, and regulated the procedures for co-operation between Great Britain and the US regarding the development and production of the atomic bomb, 12-24 Aug 1943; the Allied conferences at Cairo, Egypt, codenamed SEXTANT, at which the Allies discussed combined operations in South-East Asia with Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek's Chinese forces, 22-26 Nov and 2-7 Dec 1943; the Allied conference at Teheran, Iran, codenamed EUREKA, during which the Allies first co-ordinated future strategy with Soviet Prime Minister Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin, including plans to coincide military operations against Germany in France and the Soviet Union in May 1944, 28-30 Nov 1943; the conference at Quebec City, Canada, codenamed OCTAGON, at which the Allies discussed the post-war division of Germany and a plan for its de-industrialisation, 12-16 Sep 1944; the conferences at Malta and Yalta, Soviet Union, codenamed ARGONAUT, at which the Allies discussed the division of post-war Germany, the occupation of Germany and Austria, Soviet involvement in the war against Japan, and the future government and frontiers of Poland, 30 Jan-9 Feb 1945; the conference at Potsdam, Germany, codenamed TERMINAL, during which surrender terms for Japan were discussed, the boundaries and peace terms for Europe were determined and Poland's government and frontiers were debated, 16 Jul-2 Aug 1945. Conference minutes include references to Allied production and assignment of war materials; British and US merchant vessel losses; US policy concerning assignments of Lend-Lease military aircraft, naval vessels and munitions to Great Britain; Allied petroleum supplies; propaganda and unconventional warfare; war crimes and prisoners of war; operational reports concerning the planning and conduct of Allied offensive operations in Europe, including the invasion of North Africa, codenamed Operation TORCH, Nov 1942; the invasion of Sicily, Italy, codenamed Operation HUSKY, Jul 1943; the US preparation for the invasion of Europe, codenamed Operation BOLERO; and the Allied invasion of Europe, codenamed Operation OVERLORD, Jun 1944; operational reports concerning the Japanese war economy; Japanese Imperial Army logistical capabilities; locations and strengths of Japanese forces in the Pacific; British participation in long range bombing of Japan; Allied operational efforts in Burma, India, Malaya, and the Philippines; Soviet claims on the Sakhalin and Kuril islands; the co-ordination of Allied strategic plans for the defeat and occupation of Japan, 1943-1944; Soviet military action to facilitate Operation OVERLORD; liaison between Allied theatre commanders and the Soviet Army; Soviet capabilities with reference to the Far East; US Lend-Lease requirements for the Soviet Union; and estimates of Soviet post-war capabilities and intentions, 1943-1945.

WHEELER, ACM Sir Henry Neil George (1917-2009)

  • WHEELER, N
  • Collection
  • 1939-1991

Papers of ACM Sir Neil Wheeler including training account, report, press cuttings and photographs, 1939-1991, notably a comprehensive report on the Royal Air Force Operations in Malaya, June 1948-March 1949, produced by Air Headquarters, Royal Air Force Malaya, May 1949; text for talk by Wheeler on early aerial photographic reconnaissance, delivered at a Royal Air Force Historical Society seminar, 1991; undated detailed account of training for, planning and leading wing strikes against shipping convoys, 1942-1943. Cutting of article 'Cameramen of the Air: Photographing bomb damage - vital work of RAF PRU'S (Photographic Reconnaissance Units)', from The Times, 1 Sept 1943. Printed maps of Norwegian, English, French and German coastlines, [1942], with handwritten annotations. Album of Photographic Reconnaissance Unit photographs, 1940-1941, many with captions, showing locations in France, the Netherlands, Germany and Norway including: Brest harbour; anti-aircraft fire over Cherbourg; Morlaix; Brest; Chateau Bougon Aerodrome, Nantes; Nantes; St Nazaire; La Rochelle; La Pallice; Rochefort; Bordeaux; Dunkirk, showing wrecks on beaches; Le Havre; Zeebrugge; Boulogne; railway yards near Calais; Vlissingen Aerodrome; Antwerp; Ter Neuzen; Flushing; St Inglevert Aerodrome; Knickerbein W/T beam stations; Amsterdam; Ijmuiden; Gravelines; the Nordzee Canal; Caen; Schipol aerodrome; Stavanger; Bergen; Egersund Port; convoys in the Skaggerak area; Herl-Herdla Aerodrome; Lista aerodrome; Kiel; Bremerhaven; Brunsbuttel; Wilhelmshaven; The Hague; Dieppe; Rotterdam; Poix Aerodrome; Ostend; also photograph of shelling damage in Guernica, Spain, 2 Jun 1941; photograph of office showing maps and operations board for 8 Apr 1941; printed map with drawn annotations showing the ranges in nautical miles of medium range, long range, super long range and extra super long range Spitfires from Wick, St Eval and Heston. Loose photographs, 1939-1943, many with captions, showing: aircraft including a Maryland, a Swordfish, a Hawker Fury and a Heyford; Wheeler and colleagues at airfields in Wick, Scotland and St Eual, Cornwall, 1941; Wheeler and aircrew of 236 Squadron, 1943. Also painting of the insignia of 236 Squadron.

Wheeler, Sir Henry Neil George, 1917-2009, Knight, Air Chief Marshal

SANDERSON, Col L H F (fl 1915-1980)

  • SANDERSON
  • Collection
  • 1915-1948

Copies of typescript Indian Corps Intelligence Summaries, France, Aug 1915, and typescript account in French entitled 'Quelques faits importants de la Guerre par rapport a Merville', 1919. Papers relating to Sanderson's military intelligence work, 1940-1945, including typescript intelligence reports and summaries relating to the likely invasion of UK, 1940-1941, notably typescript Southern Command memorandum entitled 'Enemy craft likely to be used in invasion of UK and their employment', Jan 1941; typescript translations of German directives on the planned invasion of the UK, Operation SEELÖWE, 1940, taken from documents captured by the Allies in 1945; typescript copies, with translations, of Adolf Hitler's last will and his private and political testament, dated 29 Apr 1945. Printed volume, 'Notes on German preparation for invasion of the UK', prepared by General Staff, War Office, and issued to officers of MI14, Apr 1941. Printed volume in German entitled Informationsheft GB, produced by the Germans in World War Two as a manual on British life, customs, Government and administration [1940].

Sanderson, L H F, fl 1915-1980, Colonel

POWNALL, Lt Gen Sir Henry Royds (1887-1961)

  • POWNALL
  • Collection
  • 1933-1945

Twelve detailed, narrative, manuscript diaries, Jan 1933-Aug 1936 and Jan 1938-Dec 1944 (with postscripts added in Jan and Sep 1945), including Pownall's time as Military Assistant Secretary, Committee of Imperial Defence, 1933-1935, Commandant, School of Artillery, Larkhill, Wiltshire, 1936-1938, Chief of General Staff, BEF (British Expeditionary Force), France, 1939-1940, Commander-in-Chief, British Forces in Northern Ireland, 1940-1941, and Chief of Staff to Supreme Allied Commander, South East Asia Command, 1943-1944, with aerial photograph of Belfast, Aug 1940, and a group photograph of the officers of South East Asia Command [1945], typescript extracts from reports, letters and typescript extract from the diary of Maj Gen Edmund Archibald Osborne, on the campaign in France, 1940. Also, printed order of service in memory of FM John Standish Surtees Prendergast Vereker, 6th Viscount Gort, 10 Apr 1946, and related newspaper cuttings. The diaries were published as Chief of Staff. The diaries of Lieutenant General Sir Henry Pownall, edited by Brian James Bond (Leo Cooper, London, 1972).

Pownall, Sir Henry Royds, 1887-1961, Lieutenant General

TANK WATERPROOFING, 1944, LEAFLET and other World War Two memorabilia

  • MISC14
  • Collection
  • 1944-1945

Collection includes four copies of printed leaflets, 'No 1 Workshop Group, REME, Chillwell', relating to the organisational structure of the Royal Electical and Mechanical Engineers, 1945; printed leaflet, 'The Part a British Oil Company played in the War', reprinted from the Petroleum Times, 28 Apr 1945, concerning asbestos compound waterproofing of Allied tanks and vehicles for Operation OVERLORD, the Allied invasion of France, 1944; reprint of photograph of US Sherman tank approaching French beachhead, 1944

BENSON, Lt Col Sir Reginald Lindsay (1889-1968)

  • BENSON, RL
  • Collection
  • 1915-1918

Papers relating to his service in World War One, 1915-1918, principally comprising French and British casualty and strength figures, 1915-1918. Correspondence and associated papers relating to his work with Groupe des Armées du Nord and Grand Quartier Général, France, 1915, 1917-[1919], notably including correspondence between FM Sir Douglas Haig and Generals Robert Georges Nivelle and Henri-Philippe Pétain, 1917-1918. Operational documents, 1917-1918, mainly concerning 5 Army, IX Corps and III and VI French Armies. French Grand Quartier Général official communications, reports and telegrams, 1918, with maps relating to operations in France and Belgium, 1917-1918 and 1939-1940.

Benson, Sir Reginald Lindsay, 1889-1968, Knight, Lieutenant Colonel

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