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Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives Item
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Additional biographical information about Hutton, including his convalescence at Polesden Lacey, 1915

Biographical information on Thomas Jacomb Hutton compiled by Janet Durbin, 2023, as part of research into patients treated at Polesden Lacey convalescent home for officers, 1915-1916. File includes: image of a letter by Dr George Spence Candy, 20 Aug 1915, detailing Hutton's symptoms; details of Hutton at Rossall School, Lancashire, including a copy group photograph; copy photographs and biographical notes relating to Hutton, his brother Lieutenant George Hutton, and his wife, psychiatrist Isabel Galloway Emslie Hutton.

Letters to John Hamilton (Ian's grandfather) from author Rev Norman MacLeod, 1860

Four undated letters received by Hamilton's grandfather, John George Hamilton, from Rev Dr Norman MacLeod, mainly relating to requests for charitable purposes, MacLeod's novel [The gold thread (Edinburgh, 1861)], and MacLeod's visit to Victoria, Queen of Great Britain and Ireland, at Balmoral, Scotland. With letter from Macleod's brother, Rev Dr Donald Macleod, thanking Hamilton's uncle, Rev Harry Hamilton, for the use of his letters [for Donald Macleod's biography Memoir of Norman Macleod, 2 vols (London, 1876)]. 1 file, 5 letters

Papers, [1969-1992], relating to suggestions of CIA involvement in US Army operations at My Lai (Son My)

CIA Phoenix programme and Jack Taylor's articles' File of material relating to suggestions of US Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) involvement in US Army operation at My Lai, Mar 1968, including researcher's typescript notes on CIA and military intelligence operations in Vietnam [1990]; photocopy of Southeast Asia analysis report December 1968, concerning the Phoenix Program (Phuong Hoang) a CIA intelligence offensive against Viet Cong infrastructure and leadership, [1969]; correspondence between Sheldon Himelfarb, US based research consultant, and Jack H Taylor, Texas based journalist, concerning CIA links with My Lai operation, Dec 1988-Jan 1989; copies of Taylor's articles published in The Sunday Oklahoman, 1972-1974, and researcher's typescript notes [1989-1992].

Background copy articles, [1978 and 1992-1997]

Miscellaneous articles, File 2'Photocopies of extracts from books, articles and book reviews relating to events covered in the documentary The Fifty Years War, Israel and the Arabs, including predominantly material by Avi Shlaim and Ahmed S Khalidi, and articles published in London Review of Books 1992-1996, Journal of Palestine Studies 1994-1995, Middle East International 1978, Middle East Quarterly 1996, International Affairs 1995, RUSI Journal (Royal United Services Institute) 1994, and TLS (Times Literary Survey) 1997.

Background research notes and copy text, [1948-1996], relating to the 1948 Irgun attack on the Arab village of Deir Yassin

Deir Yassin research' Manuscript notes, typescript translations of articles and sections of books relating to the attack on the Arab village of Deir Yassin by Jewish Irgun Zvai Leumi (IZL, Etzel) forces, 9 Apr 1948. Also contains transcripts of interview with eyewitnesses to the attack including Meir Pail, (Yisrael) Galili 19 May 1983; testimony of Reuven Greenberg 8 Aug 1957; transcript of interview with David Niv, IZL historian, 5 May 1982, and transcript of Irgun Zvai Leumi radio broadcast reporting the attack 11 Apr 1948.Language: English, Hebrew, Arabic

Research notes, 1969-1988, on Captain Ernest Medina

Charlie Company 1/20 Inf, HQ Group (Capt E Medina), Research Notes – M Bilton' File of typescript notes on evidence relating to Capt Ernest Medina and his role in the events at My Lai, 16 Mar 1968. Also includes report of interview with Michael Bernhardt, 11/7//88; copy of article 'What happened to the soldier who refused to fire at My Lai', Stephen Fay, Sunday Times, 30 Jul 1972; photocopies of the statements Jay Alfred Roberts, David Benjamin Hein and Thomas J Kinch, to the Criminal Investigation Division (CID) investigation of the My Lai massacre.

Papers, 1968-1989, relating to the psychological impact of war on army veterans

Psychiatric aspects / reports of massacre / psychological aspects'. File of material relating to the psychological effect of war on members of the armed forces, including medical records pertaining to Varnado Simpson, Vietnam veteran (C Coy, 1st Bn 20th Inf) involved in massacre at My Lai, 16 Mar 1968, 1982-1983; news articles relating to psychological effect of involvement in the Vietnam War, 1972, 1981, 1989, and the response of Vietnam veterans to viewing the film 'Platoon', 1987. Also contains copies of articles by Chaim F Shatan titled 'Militarized mourning and ceremonial vengeance: bogus manhood and the language of grief', Draft paper presented to the Psychoanalytisches Seminar, Zurich, 23-24 Apr 1983; and 'Living in a split time zone: trauma and therapy of Vietnam combat survivors', 1987.

Memoir, Recollections, by Rosaleen James, 2015

Memoir, Recollections, by Rosaleen James (1918-2013), writing as Roisin Ni Mheara (also known as Phyllis Ursula James, Nora O'Mara), published 2015 by Ex Libris. Contents include: her early life as the adopted child of Jean Hamilton; her identification with Ireland and the Irish; her Nazi sympathies; her work during World War Two in the Irish Department of the German Broadcasting Company; broadcasting colleagues William Brooke Joyce (1906-1946, also known as 'Lord Haw Haw') and Mildred Elizabeth Gillars (1900-1988, also known as 'Axis Sally'); the Irish writer and Nazi sympathiser Francis Stuart (1902-2000); her escape from Berlin to Paris, 1945. PLEASE NOTE: includes comments denying the existence of the Holocaust.

Interview with Gen Col Ivan Yesin, [2007]

Typescript transcript of interview with Gen Col Ivan Yesin, Soviet Nuclear Missile Force (SNMF). Subjects include: his role, Nov 1983; tensions between East and West in the late 1970s and early 1980s; boycott of the 1980 Summer Olympic Games in Moscow; the USSR-Afghanistan war 1979-1988; the Pioneer missile complex and its capabilities; NATO exercise ABLE ARCHER; USSR missile launch plans; the role of Yuri Andropov (General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union 1982-1984) in potential USSR missile launches; USSR Government Control Centre; Nikolai Orgakov (Chief of General Staff, 1977-1984), and his role in the command centre; atmosphere in the Government Control Centre amongst the SNMF and other soviet military forces. Original interview conducted in Russian, transcript in English. 28pp

Interview with Victor Cherkashin, Deputy Head of the KGB Station in Washington, [2007]

Typescript transcript of interview with Victor Cherkashin, Deputy Head of the KGB Station in Washington. Subjects include his position in 1983; Operation RYAN; the long standing possibility of nuclear attack involving the Americans and the USSR, a period of high alert; Pershing II missiles; the USSR-Afghanistan war 1979-1988; “Evil Empire” speech made by Ronald Reagan in 1981, denouncing the USSR; KGB monitoring of the White House as part of Operation RYAN; Yuri Andropov and his personal input in Operation RYAN; STAR Wars/Strategic Defence Initiative(SDI) in 1981; USSR reaction to STAR Wars; unreliability of intelligence received by the KGB in 1983; shooting down of Korean Airlines flight KAL 007, 1 Sep 1983, and the reaction from the USSR and United States; invasion of Grenada by the United States in 1983; Able Archer; relations between Europe and the United States. Original interview conducted in Russian, transcript in English. 43pp.

Interview with Gen Igor Kondriatev, USSR Military Intelligence, [2007]

Typescript transcript of interview with Gen Igor Kondriatev, USSR Military Intelligence. Subjects include Stanislav Petrov and the false detection of missiles in September 1983; expectations of a nuclear attack from NATO and NATO’s capabilities of nuclear attack; political and military level tensions between NATO and the USSR; President Ronald Reagan administration and his “Evil Empire” speech, 1981; tension between the heads of state; Operation RYAN military intelligence on NATO; NATO exercises and the exhaustion they would cause to military staff; GDR military intelligence and Markus Wolf; Able Archer as a routine strategic exercise; USSR leadership concerns about Able Archer; Able Archer as a provocative exercise. Original interview conducted in Russian, transcript in English. 29pp.

Interview with Vladimir Kryuchkov, Head of KGB, [2007]

Typescript transcript of interview with Vladimir Kryuchkov, Head of KGB. Subjects include US & USSR policy on conflicts; Operation RYAN; KGB sharing information with GRU; Reagan’s missile launch joke; ;KGB/GRU Situations Room; registered signs of nuclear presence and monitored levels of danger; Strategic Defence Initiative (SDI) and Star Wars; Americans bluffing about a real war; the relationship between Kryuchkov and Andropov in the final months of Andropov’s life; Americans violating USSR airspace, the shooting down of Korean Airlines flight KAL 007 and claims that Korean Airlines flight KAL 007 was a military Boeing 747 and not a civilian plane; Ronald Reagan’s “Evil Empire” speech, 1981; telegrams about Kryuchkov’s concerns; American plans of aggression from sea and air; the tense period between 8-9 November 1983; Andropov and Politburo awareness of tensions; USSR’s lack of plans for conflict after World War Two and USSR retaliation had it been attacked. Original interview conducted in Russian, transcript in English 30pp

Interview with Vitali Tsygichko, working in one of the Research Institutes of USSR Defence Ministry, [2007]

Typescript transcript of interview with Vitali Tsygichko, working in one of the Research Institutes of USSR Defence Ministry. Subjects include his role as head of mathematical modelling in Research Institute of USSR Defence Ministry, forecasting the military potential of Western countries; the shooting down of Korean Airlines flight KAL 007; the concept of war exercises leading to conflict; the arrival of Pershing II missiles; USSR superiority in conventional weapons; American institute calculations of the effect of a nuclear attack on Chicago; perception of Able Archer as provocative exercise; Reagan administration benefiting from the tension; consequences of a nuclear strike; Ministry of Defence against publishing of Tsygichko’s results; Yuri Andropov’s knowledge of results; Dmitry Ustinov’s shaping of military policy; disagreements between Nikolai Orgachov and Ustinov over mathematical modelling; the Star Wars programme/Strategic Defence Initiative (SDI); calculations report in regards to Able Archer and as an annual exercise. Original interview conducted in Russian, transcript in English; 32pp

Interview with Robert M. Gates, CIA Deputy Director for Intelligence, 1983, [2007]

Typescript transcript, , of interview with Robert M. Gates CIA Deputy Director for Intelligence, 1983. Subjects include his role as head of analytical research in CIA and his role as chairman of the National Intelligence Council in 1983; relationship between CIA and President Ronald Reagan; how intelligence was gathered then passed on from the CIA to the administration; the role of propaganda from the CIA perspective; his recollection of the shooting down of Korean Airlines Flight KAL 007 and discrepancies in the information received; whether the shooting down was intentional or not; the role of spin; increased tensions between USSR and the USA, Strategic Defence Initiative and Star Wars; killing of American military attaché in East Germany; “Evil Empire” speech by Reagan; unstable USSR leadership due to the elderly General Secretaries, Leonid Brezhnev (1969-1982), Yuri Andropov (1982-1984) and Konstantin Chernenko (1984-1985); the role of Western medicine and doctors in treating the General Secretaries’ illnesses; USSR leadership knowledge of the West, based on experiences of the leaders; discrepancies between what the Politburo knew and what Andropov knew; CIA awareness of Operation RYAN; the relationship between MI6 and CIA in passing on Operation RYAN intelligence to each other; relationship between Dmitriy Ustinov,Minister of Defence for the USSR 1976-1984, and Andropov; Politburo’s role within the Communist Party; Andropov’s kidney problems and Western awareness of them by intelligence gathering; lack of intelligence analysis capability by the KGB; Beirut barracks bombing, 23 Oct 1983 and US military vulnerability; intelligence community’s lack of involvement in Able Archer (Nov 1983), monitoring of USSR response to Able Archer; USSR’s combat readiness during Able Archer; comparisons between Able Archer and Cuban Missile Crisis; concerns about Moscow reaction to Able Archer; Moscow’s response to lack of activity; United States underestimating the levels of USSR paranoia. 58pp

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